Causes of Weight loss. Causes of Weight loss listed in Disease Database: Weight loss, anorexia. Weight loss. Growth retardation, weight loss, failure to thrive. Weight loss, anorexia, muscle wasting. Unexplained weight loss. Anorexia, severe weight loss. Weight loss, failure to thrive. Weight loss, slow weight gain, failure to thrive. Weight loss, poor weight gain, failure to thrive. List of 2248 causes of Weight loss.
Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain. » Review Causes of Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain: Causes | Symptom Checker » Causes of Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain: The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain. Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain: Symptom Checker. Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain: Comorbid Symptoms. Read more about causes and Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain deaths . Misdiagnosis and Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain. See full list of 11 causes of Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain. How Common are these Causes of Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain? Of the 11 causes of Unintentional weight loss with abdominal pain that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
Physical inactivity is a significant cause of weight gain. Weight gain can indicate a variety of illnesses, conditions and lifestyle changes. If you've experienced recent or gradual weight gain and are unsure as to the cause, seek guidance from a qualified medical professional. Unexplained weight gain may be a symptom of an underactive thyroid, a condition known as hypothyroidism. If you suspect under-active thyroid as a potential cause for weight gain or other symptoms, seek proper testing and guidance from your doctor. Just as regular physical activity can promote healthy weight management and improve overall health, physical inactivity can do the opposite. If you've gained weight recently and have reduced your physical exertion, lack of activity may be the culprit. Pulmonary edema, or abnormal swelling and water retention in response to heart problems, is a severe potential cause of weight gain. This type of weight gain generally appears and accumulates around the legs. If you experience severe, sudden weight gain or swelling, seek medical attention immediately as these scenarios are serious and potentially life-threatening.
Unintentional weight loss is when you lose weight without dieting or increasing physical activity. What Causes Unintentional Weight Loss? Unintentional weight loss is often the result of an underlying chronic medical condition. What Are the Symptoms of Unintentional Weight Loss? Certain medications can cause unintentional weight loss as a side effect. How Is Unintentional Weight Loss Diagnosed? Note when the weight loss started. Also, make a note of any other symptoms you experienced around the time of the weight loss. Unintentional weight loss is a symptom of several conditions. What Are the Treatment Options for Unintentional Weight Loss? Your doctor will likely prescribe medication if a hormonal disorder is causing the unintentional weight loss. If your doctor suspects that your unintentional weight loss may be due to a more serious illness, such as cancer, you may undergo some tests to get more information.
Unexplained Weight Loss. Unexplained weight loss is weight loss of 10lbs or 5% of your body weight without trying. Unexplained weight loss is the term used to describe a decrease in body weight that occurs unintentionally and can be a warning sign of diabetes. What are the possible causes of unexplained weight loss? Potential causes of unexplained weight loss include: Diabetes with substantial weight loss.
Unexplained Weight Loss. Weight loss can be frightening if you are not trying to lose weight by following a diet or by performing exercises. Unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more is a cause of concern. A temporary or minimal weight loss, without trying for it, is fine and for some people, it can be a welcome surprise. Causes of Unexplained Weight Loss. Undesirable loss of weight in women can be attributed to mental health problems like stress and anxiety. Apart from this, depression can result in sudden loss of weight. Weight loss and fatigue generally go hand in hand. Age is also an important factor that is associated with rapid and unexplained loss of weight. The treatment may vary according to the underlying cause of weight loss.
If you suddenly begin to lose weight and you're not sure why, it may be the sign of an underlying health condition that may have developed. It can also be a signal that something about the way that you eat and exercise is not promoting a healthy body stasis. Only by recognizing that you've had unexplained weight loss will you then be able to examine the reasons why this is happening. One of the major reasons for unexplained weight loss is a stomach virus or disease that you may not otherwise be aware of. When you see that you've lost weight, consider whether you've felt sick at all and whether you might have a condition of this type. When this happens, you'll not be able to absorb those nutrients for yourself, and you'll consequently lose weight and begin to be malnourished, even when you're eating the same amount of food that you usually do. If you've been exercising more frequently than normal, you may have burned more calories than you're used to, and the result is that you may begin to lose weight. If you continue this pattern, you'll continue to lose weight and may even have some difficulty putting it back on. If you're concerned about your unexplained weight loss, consult with a doctor or a nutritionist for more information.
Depending on the reason for your cat’s weight loss, you may notice that your cat’s appetite is reduced or entirely gone, a condition known as anorexia. If you are not sure what your cat’s ideal weight should be, your veterinarian will be able to provide guidance and a suggested feeding regimen to meet your cat’s nutritional needs. Causes of Cat Weight Loss. Cats under psychological stress may go off their food, which can result in weight loss. Although not all cat weight loss is caused by cancer, it is a relatively common culprit. This disease, which may be caused by a failure to produce the hormone insulin or an impaired ability to respond to it, commonly causes weight loss in cats, often with a change in appetite.
You have lost more than 10 pounds OR 5% of your normal body weight over 6 to 12 months or less, and you do not know the reason. You have other symptoms along with the weight loss. How much weight have you lost? Are you eating less? Are you exercising more? Do you have more stress or anxiety than usual? Have you vomited? Have you had constipation or diarrhea? Do you have increased thirst or are you drinking more? Are you urinating more than usual? Have you lost any hair? Are you pleased or concerned with the weight loss?
Weight loss is common among people with cancer and is often the first noticeable sign of the disease. As many as 40% of people with cancer report unexplained weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and up to 80% of people with advanced cancer experience weight loss and cachexia, or wasting, which is the combination of weight loss and muscle mass loss. Weight loss and muscle wasting also often come with fatigue , weakness, loss of energy, and an inability to perform everyday tasks. Controlling cancer-related weight loss is important for your comfort and well-being. Consider asking your doctor about receiving food through a tube that goes directly to the stomach, which may help people with head and neck or esophageal cancers who are having difficulty chewing or difficulty swallowing . Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progesterone hormone that can improve appetite, weight gain, and a person's sense of well-being. Steroid medications can increase appetite, improve a person's sense of well-being, and help with nausea, weakness, or pain. Other medications are being studied to help people with cancer improve their appetite and gain weight. Nutrition counseling may help people with cancer get essential nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals into their diet and maintain a healthy body weight. You can also find a dietitian through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. These details can help you work with your health care team to find the best way to maintain your weight, or gain needed weight, during cancer treatment.
An approach to the management of unintentional weight loss in elderly people. Weight loss in elderly people can have a deleterious effect on the ability to function and on quality of life and is associated with an increase in mortality over a 12-month period. We review the incidence and prevalence of weight loss in elderly patients, its impact on morbidity and mortality, the common causes of unintentional weight loss and a clinical approach to diagnosis. Voluntary weight loss among elderly patients is also associated with increased risk of death 17 and of hip fracture, 19 which highlights the importance of maintaining weight with age. 43 , 44 Many elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are experiencing concomitant malnutrition 45 and thereby have cachexia. Unintentional weight loss is common in elderly people and is associated with significant adverse health outcomes, increased mortality and progressive disability. Unexplained weight loss in the ambulatory elderly. Unintentional weight loss: diagnosis and prognosis. Unintentional weight loss in the ambulatory setting: etiologies and outcomes [abstract]. Evaluating and treating unintentional weight loss in the elderly.
Given that unintentional weight loss is a common condition among older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes, our objective was to review the evidence regarding risk factors, differential diagnosis, prognosis, investigation and treatment of unintentional weight loss in this population. Based on evidence from a large cohort study that involved 4010 persons aged 65 years and older from 11 cities in Europe, the most common independent factors associated with unexplained weight loss are those related to food intake. 10 In multivariate analysis, only difficulties in bringing food to the mouth and chewing were significantly associated with weight loss. A chart review of 290 medical records from many centres in the United States that included long-term care residents and home care clients found six factors to be associated with unexplained weight loss. A cross-sectional study of 68 community-dwelling older adults in the midwestern United States (with an average age of 86 years and 51 of whom were women) showed that depression (using the Geriatric Depression Scale) was independently associated with weight loss (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.12–2.43). 12 Another prospective study (n = 309) found that psychiatric and psychological diseases are one of the primary reasons for unexplained weight loss. Another prospective trial randomized 29 dieticians to the provision of usual nutritional care or a new medical nutritional therapy protocol for prevention and treatment of unexplained weight loss among long-term care residents. One study also looked at the use of dronabinol for unexplained weight loss. Medications that are not clearly required and that may be contributing to the weight loss should be discontinued or appropriate alternatives considered. What is the prognosis for those with unintentional weight loss? Although treatment remains a challenge, clinicians should attempt to identify and address factors that may be contributing to the weight loss. A comprehensive history and physical examination has the greatest potential for eliciting the cause(s) of weight loss.
But while the usual culprits—too much food, too little exercise—do account for most excess poundage, there are some surprisingly common medical conditions and widely used prescriptions that can add anywhere from a little to a lot—a whole lot—of excess weight. It's not the extra male hormone that triggers the weight gain, though. It is clear that cultural and environmental factors play a part because Europeans, and Americans on the coasts, who may feel more social pressure to be skinny, gain much less weight on average than do their (sometimes literal) sisters in middle America. Even if there is decreased thyroid function, correcting it doesn't do much to correct overweight because it doesn't cause much gain to begin with." If weight creep is on a small scale—in the 5- to 10-pound ballpark—it's possible that hypothyroidism is behind it, though. D., medical director of the University of Pennsylvania Weight and Eating Disorders Program, though he adds that such problems are much more likely to afflict older women. "It may be medications, more than diseases, that tend to contribute to weight problems," Eisensen says, "and it's helpful for people to know that there may be alternatives." Some medicines that commonly cause weight gain: Anti-depressants: Of the widely prescribed SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and SNRIs (selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), many researchers and clinicians believe that paroxetine tends to produce the most weight gain, though typically not more than several pounds. "Short-term use of most SSRIs and SNRIs is not associated with weight gain," Eisensen says, "but if people are on them a year or longer, they can gain a few pounds or more." The point is that within each class of anti-depressants are some that tend to produce more weight gain, and some that tend to produce less, Bray explains. Long-term use can increase appetite and hike weight by 20 pounds or more, Berkowitz says, but because the symptoms these steroids alleviate are potentially life-threatening, you don't have much choice but to be on them when you need to be. "If a medication is a good choice for you, wait and see how it affects you, or look for another way to avoid the weight gain."
Many of us wouldn't want to question unexplained weight loss. We'd just be happy to be losing weight! Though the prospect of losing weight without even trying may seem like a blessing, it really is something to question. Reasons for Unintentional Weight Loss. Possible causes of unintentional weight loss include depression, frequent diarrhea, hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), infection, poor nutrition, AIDS, and cancer. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders, and smoking. Unexplained Weight Loss and Colon Cancer. You're unlikely to notice the diversion of blood and nutrients, but sometimes tumors release chemicals that increase the body's metabolism (such as burn calories faster), which can lead to unexplained weight loss. Medical Attention for Unexplained Weight Loss. (That would be about 10 pounds for a 200-pound person.) You should also call your doctor if you experience unexplained weight loss in conjunction with other potential colon cancer symptoms . "Colon Cancer: Signs and Symptoms." Mayo Clinic 17 Aug. "Signs and Symptoms of Cancer." American Cancer Society 28 Feb. "Weight Loss - Unintentional." National Institutes of Health 22 Jan. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders , and smoking.
AND Angioedema (1 match) AND Confusion (1 match) AND Ecchymoses (1 match) AND Epistaxis (1 match) AND Exophthalmos (1 match) AND Haematuria (1 match) AND Headache (1 match) AND Hematoma (1 match) AND Leukopenia (1 match) AND Lymphadenopathy (1 match) AND Oliguria (1 match) AND Pain (1 match) AND Paleness (1 match) AND Papilloedema (1 match)
Bloating, or swelling due to a buildup of fluid in the tissues can cause weight gain. A rapid weight gain may be a sign of dangerous fluid retention. If you quit smoking, you might gain weight. A healthy diet and exercise program can help you manage your weight. Do not stop any medicines that may be causing the weight gain without talking with your health care provider. Contact your health care provider if you have the following symptoms with the weight gain: How much weight have you gained? Did you gain the weight quickly or slowly? You may have the following tests: Your health care provider may suggest a diet and exercise program or refer you o a dietitian.
Weight loss.       Poor nutrient utilization can lead to weight loss, and can be caused by fistulae in the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, drug-nutrient interaction, enzyme depletion and muscle atrophy. Unintentional weight loss can be the characteristic leading to diagnosis of diseases such as cancer  and type 1 diabetes .  Around 25% experience moderate to severe weight loss, and most others have some weight loss.  Greater weight loss is associated with poorer prognosis. People with HIV often experience weight loss, and it is associated with poorer outcomes. Medical treatment can directly or indirectly cause weight loss, impairing treatment effectiveness and recovery that can lead to further weight loss in a vicious cycle. Intentional weight loss is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. Weight loss in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks,  increase fitness,  and may delay the onset of diabetes . Weight loss occurs when the body is expending more energy in work and metabolism than it is absorbing from food or other nutrients. The healthiest weight loss regimen, therefore, is one that consists of a balanced diet and moderate physical activity.[ citation needed ] The least intrusive weight loss methods, and those most often recommended, are adjustments to eating patterns and increased physical activity, generally in the form of exercise. In order for weight loss to be permanent, changes in diet and lifestyle must be permanent as well.
Diabetes Symptoms: Sudden Weight Loss | Ask the Expert. Involuntary weight loss can happen even with an increased appetite or thirst. Patients will often have sudden significant weight loss associated with these symptoms. These same patients will be so thirsty they will often drink sugary drinks (such as sodas, juices or sweetened coffee drinks) which causes the sugars to be even higher, and the weight loss to be more severe.
Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of many conditions - cancer included. Weight Loss and Cancer. Unintentional weight loss can be a symptom of cancer , though vague and non-specific. When To See Your Doctor About Weight Loss. Generally, you should see your doctor if you have lost 5 percent of your body weight within six months or less and have done so without modifying your diet or exercising. Your doctor may ask you several questions to help identify why you are losing weight. Your doctor will want to know the basics like when you first started to lose weight and how much you have lost. Remember, Weight Loss Doesn't Mean You Have Cancer. You may also get a better understanding of what your symptoms, like weight loss , may mean by using the About.com Symptom Checker , an interactive health education tool.
There are some useful charts available that are a helpful guide to know the ideal weight for your pet. Click here to view the ideal bodyweight range for your dog by breed. The easiest way to assess your dog’s ideal weight is to follow a few simple steps: Observe your dog from the side. Weigh your dog at least twice a year (your veterinary clinic will be more than happy for you to use their scales, and we can then record your dog’s weight at the same time) Your veterinary team will be able to advise you on the ideal weight for your dog once the condition score is assessed. Depending on the condition of your pet and the results from any initial diagnostic tests, further treatment and/or tests may be recommended. Your vet will be able to give you more appropriate information and relevant treatment protocols once they have examined your dog and performed the appropriate diagnostic tests. There are many reasons why a dog can lose weight rapidly so it is important that you take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice unexplained weight loss, as some of these conditions may be serious but many can also be treated successfully, especially if detected early. This allows for early detection and treatment of disease processes that may otherwise lead to weight loss and ill health in your dog.
Unintentional rapid weight loss: What causes it? Unexplainable weight loss can be a symptom of a number of diseases or conditions. Weight loss due to gastrointestinal or digestive diseases and disorders. These are likely symptoms of malabsorption and may lead to weight loss. Hyperthyroidism causing weight loss. When the thyroid gland overproduces certain hormones, unexplained weight loss may occur. Medication and a resulting weight loss. Read the accompanying packaging on your prescription medications and talk to your pharmacist or doctor if you suspect this might be the cause of your weight loss. Weight loss as a result of cancer or diabetes. With certain types of cancer, both the disease and the treatments may contribute to weight loss.
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Understanding unexpected weight loss. What are some possible causes of weight loss, what questions might your doctor ask, and what can you expect as you and your doctor seek to determine the cause? What Is Unexplained Weight Loss? Weight loss may occur because you are eating less, or because your body is using nutrients differently due to a change in your metabolism or the growth of a tumor. If you are losing weight without trying it is important to make an appointment to see your doctor, even if you think there is an explanation for your weight loss. Diagnosing Weight Loss That Isn’t Intentional. If you have unintentional weight loss, your doctor will first take a careful history and do a physical exam. How fast have you been losing weight? Have you ever had weight loss like this before? How upsetting is the weight loss to you? Causes of Unexplained Weight Loss. There are many reasons for unexplained weight loss, some serious, and some more of a nuisance. Importance of Unintentional Weight Loss. Unintentional weight loss in older adults . Weight Loss – Unintentional.
AND Cachexia (1 match) AND Clubbing (1 match) AND Fatigue (1 match) AND Heartburn (1 match) AND Lymphoma (1 match) AND Miscarriage (1 match) AND Paleness (1 match) AND Tenesmus (1 match) AND Arrhythmia (1 match) AND Cardiomyopathy (1 match) AND Constipation (1 match) AND Fainting (1 match) AND Gastroparesis (1 match) AND Lymphadenopathy (1 match)
Unintentional Weight Loss – Common Causes and Symptoms. This may also be referred to as physiological weight loss which may be a result of : If this does not occur or if there are signs and symptoms of some disease then the causes of weight loss may be pathological, meaning that it is a result of disease which is usually chronic in nature. Pathological or Unintentional Weight Loss. Disease Weight Loss. With unintentional weight loss, the reduction in body weight may be due to a disease. The most common cause of weight loss due to disease is a result of a lack of appetite, nausea or limited calorie intake. The weight loss in the early stages of these diseases may be due to a lack of appetite, nausea and malabsorption. Causes of Unintentional Weight Loss. The conditions and diseases below are some of the common causes of pathological weight loss. Unexplained weight loss and fatigue may be the only signs in the early stages. Mental or emotional stress may result in weight loss due to a lack of appetite and decreased food intake.
Unplanned Weight Loss. What is unplanned weight loss? Unplanned weight loss means losing weight without trying to. It may be caused by a medical problem, so be sure to see your doctor if you are losing weight without trying. What causes unplanned weight loss? If another problem is causing your weight loss, your doctor will treat that problem. Your doctor may also suggest a change in what you eat. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medicines that help you gain weight. What can you do to gain weight? Talk to your doctor about what you can do to gain weight. If you lose 10 lb (4.5 kg) or 5% of your weight over 6 to 12 months without trying to, it may be a sign of another problem.
Dieting, loss of appetite, diarrhea and some medications are all easily identifiable causes of weight loss, but if you suddenly lose 10 pounds, 5 percent of your body weight, or if your weight loss persists and you can't explain why, it's time to look at other possibilities. Some conditions cause you to lose your appetite, which will cause you to eat less and lose weight, while others will block your ability to absorb the nutrients that you are eating, causing your body to react as if you were not eating at all. When these bodily functions become overactive, your body burns more calories than usual, causing you to lose weight (and possibly feel inexplicably tired) even when eating the same diet. Though parasites fall under this category, many other infections can cause weight loss as well, such as HIV, tuberculosis and fungal disease. Calories are burned and often your body heats up (fever) and you become fatigued because so much energy is being expended on the infection. Kidney disease can cause nausea, vomiting and loss of protein through urine, leading to weight loss as well. Chronic illnesses in general tax the body and can cause weight loss. In addition, cancer can demand excess energy from your body just like other illnesses, often compounding the effect. If you have been eating the same diet and haven't changed your activity level but have lost a significant amount of weight, it would be prudent to have a talk with your doctor.
You or a family member loses more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. You have lost more than 10 pounds OR 5% of your normal body weight over 6-12 months or less, and you don't know the reason. You have other symptoms along with the weight loss. The health care provider will do a physical exam and check your weight. You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms, including: When did the weight loss begin? Is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
Unintentional Weight Loss Resources. What Is Weight Loss? What Is Unintentional Weight Loss? Unexplained and/or unintentional weight loss can be attributed to a plethora of illnesses, conditions and diseases such as, but not limited to: Gastrointestinal Disorders - An extremely common cause of unexplained weight loss, some of these ailments can cause weight loss even when the diet remains the same. Cancer - One of the leading causes of unexplained weight loss. As the disease progresses the weight loss becomes more aggressive. Transitioning to the kidney diet can also cause weight loss due to the difficulties of adapting to eating a limited and restricted diet. Diabetes - Both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes can cause unexplained weight loss due to the body not being able to properly process food. Infection - Infections such as salmonella, fungal diseases, parasites and tuberculosis can cause unexplained weight loss. The weight loss can precede the identifiable symptoms of dementia by up to ten years.
Unintentional weight loss Significant weight loss can also be the result of an eating disorder , such as anorexia or bulimia . If your weight loss wasn't due to the above causes, and you didn't lose weight through dieting or exercising, see your GP, as you may have an illness that needs treating. The following information may give you a better idea of the cause of your weight loss, but don't use it to diagnose yourself. Other common causes of unexpected weight loss. Less common causes of unexpected weight loss. Less frequently, unexpected weight loss may be the result of:
Muscle Aches & Unexplained Weight Loss. Muscle aches and weight loss can be a sign of a medical condition needing attention. Muscle aches and unexplained weight loss may be something simple, or it could be a sign of something more ominous. However, when accompanied by unexplained weight loss and other symptoms, it should be evaluated by your doctor. In addition, other disorders affecting the connective tissues throughout the body such as lupus may cause muscle aches along with weight loss and other symptoms. Unexplained Weight Loss. Unexplained weight loss should be investigated by your doctor.
Evaluating and Treating Unintentional Weight Loss in the Elderly. Elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are at higher risk for infection, depression and death. Food and Drug Administration has labeled no appetite stimulants for the treatment of weight loss in the elderly. Unintentional weight loss in the elderly patient can be difficult to evaluate. Selected Medications Associated with Unintentional Weight Loss in the Elderly. The use of formal screening instruments for depression, such as the Geriatric Depression Scale, 25 may be necessary in the elderly patient with unintentional weight loss. However, none are specifically indicated for the treatment of weight loss in elderly patients, and few have been studied in this population. Food and Drug Administration has not labeled any of these drugs for use in elderly patients with weight loss. Although medications may help promote appetite and weight gain in an elderly patient with unintentional weight loss, drugs should not be considered first-line treatment. Low body weight and weight loss in the aged. Unexplained weight loss in the ambulatory elderly. Diagnosis and management of weight loss in the elderly.
In today’s world in which more than 50 percent of dogs and cats are considered overweight or obese, weight loss is often a desirable outcome for our sedentary, overfed pets. A change in diet can sometimes cause weight loss either because the pet finds the food less appealing or because it has fewer calories. A move to a new home, a change in schedule, or greater access to the outdoors can lead to weight loss if a pet becomes more active as a result. Geriatric pets can sometimes lose small amounts of weight as part of the normal aging process. Persistent, rapid, or dramatic weight loss (greater than 10 percent of a pet’s body weight), however, can be the sign of a serious condition, such as: Has the pet’s home life or schedule changed? Has the pet’s diet changed? If changes in diet or activity level don’t seem sufficient explanation for the degree of weight loss (particularly if the pet’s weight loss is greater than 10 percent of her body weight), a veterinary visit is absolutely in order. There are several steps a veterinarian may undertake to discern the origin of the weight loss. When did you first notice the weight loss? What a pet looks and feels like can tell your veterinarian a lot about weight loss. Definitive treatment depends on the underlying cause of the weight loss.
Veterinary attention should be sought if your cat is losing weight, so he can identify and treat the cause. What are the causes of weight loss in cats? Acute (sudden) or chronic (slow and progressive) kidney failure - Disease of the kidneys resulting in decreased function, which causes toxins to build up in the cat's body. Glomerulonephritis - A renal disease which is caused by the inflammation. Heartworm - Parasitic worm infection of the heart and lungs. Inflammatory bowel disease - Inflammation of the intestinal tract with inflammatory cells. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination from you and obtain a medical history, including the cat's age and other symptoms you may have noticed. Biochemical profile , complete blood count and urinalysis to evaluate the overall health of your cat and the organs, these tests may reveal infection, kidney function, liver function, anemia, calcium levels, magnesium levels which can all paint an overall picture of your cat's health. Blood tests to detect elevated levels of the hormones T 3 and T 4 are performed. Treatment depends on the cause and should be aimed at addressing the underlying cause (if there is one). Anemia - Finding and treating the underlying cause. Some dental abscesses may require extraction of the tooth. Pancreatitis - Find and treat the underlying cause, if possible. Stress - Finding the cause of stress and reducing it. In addition to treating the above causes of weight loss, your veterinarian will offer your cat supportive care, such as:
The presentation will depend on the underlying cause. A thorough history and examination are essential in establishing the underlying cause and identifying appropriate investigations. Renal function and electrolytes: may indicate chronic kidney disease, Addison's disease. Other investigations will depend on the context of the weight loss. Possible further investigations may include HIV serology, endoscopy and autoimmune disease screen. Management is otherwise directed at the cause of weight loss and may include physical, psychological and social (eg, 'meals at home scheme', respite care) interventions. Elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are at higher risk of infection and depression.