The drug used to facilitate weight loss by blocking fat absorption is quizlet


Flashcards about Hy - Complete Pharm


DOC for herpes and its MOA. Site of action for zaleplon and zolpidem. Agent used in CHF that is a selective alpha and nonselective beta blocker. Drug used for N. Antiestrogen drugs used for fertility and breast cancer respectively. TCA with greatest sedation of this group, and marked antimuscarinic effects, used for sleep. Drug that inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase and is used in ethylene glycol exposure. MOA for benzodiazepines and barbiturates. Epinephrine and dipivefrin are used for. Antidote for beta-blockers and hypoglycemia. Antihistamine that can be used for anxiety and insomnia and is not addictive. Antifungal agent used for inhibition of all gonadal and adrenal steroids. NSAID that is used for acute condition, such as pre-op anesthesia and has limited duration (


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Dietary fiber - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


[3] Lignin , a major dietary insoluble fiber source, may alter the rate and metabolism of soluble fibers. Total fiber is the sum of dietary fiber and functional fiber. Dietary fiber is the edible parts of plants or analogous carbohydrates that are resistant to digestion and absorption in the human small intestine, with complete or partial fermentation in the large intestine. Types and sources of dietary fiber[ edit ] Dietary fiber and the upper gastrointestinal tract[ edit ] Fiber may affect amylase activity and hence the rate of hydrolysis of starch. Fiber in the colon[ edit ] The effects of dietary fiber in the colon are on. Dietary fiber and cholesterol metabolism[ edit ] Dietary fiber may act on each phase of ingestion, digestion, absorption and excretion to affect cholesterol metabolism, [63] such as the following: Dietary fiber and fecal weight[ edit ] Dietary fiber and obesity[ edit ] The relationship of body weight status and fiber effect on energy intake suggests that obese individuals may be more likely to reduce food intake with dietary fiber inclusion. The beneficial effects of high fiber diets are the summation of the effects of the different types of fiber present in the diet and also other components of such diets. Fiber and fermentation[ edit ]


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Test2 at Georgetown University


The nurse will monitor the patient for: A nurse and a nursing student are discussing the plan of care for a patient with schizophrenia. What will the nurse tell the patient and the family? The nurse will teach this patient to: Administer the dose and tell the patient that the side effects are temporary. The side effects reported by this patient are not associated with hematologic side effects. The nurse expects that the provider will prescribe which medication for this patient? The nurse knows that the best treatment for this patient will be: The nurse knows that the goal of drug rehabilitation for this patient is: The nurse will tell the patient that: The nurse will expect this patient to: The provider will order a urate-lowering drug for this patient. It is important for the nurse to teach this patient that: The patient should be reassured that these are common and minor effects. The nurse notes that the patient is restless and anxious.


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Leptin, diabetes, and the brain - PubMed Central


Leptin, diabetes, and the brain. This review examines the role of leptin action in the central nervous system and the mechanisms whereby leptin mediates its effects to regulate glucose metabolism. Keywords: Brain, diabetes, glucose, insulin, leptin. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM LEPTIN IN THE REGULATION OF GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS. Schwartz MW, Porte D., Jr Diabetes, obesity, and the brain. Leptin and the central nervous system control of glucose metabolism. Leptin and diabetes in lipoatrophic mice. Leptin reverses insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus in mice with congenital lipodystrophy. Leptin restores euglycemia and normalizes glucose turnover in insulin-deficient diabetes in the rat. Expression of receptors for insulin and leptin in the ventral tegmental area/substantia nigra (VTA/SN) of the rat. Role of the sympathetic nervous system and insulin in enhancing glucose uptake in peripheral tissues after intrahypothalamic injection of leptin in rats. Glucose sensing and the pathogenesis of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Long-term effects of central leptin and resistin on body weight, insulin resistance, and beta-cell function and mass by the modulation of hypothalamic leptin and insulin signaling. Direct leptin action on POMC neurons regulates glucose homeostasis and hepatic insulin sensitivity in mice.


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Final exam questions Flashcards


Aphagia phase and the adipsia phase. Adipsia phase and the aphagia phase. Dynamic phase and the static phase. Hyperphagia phase and the hypophagia phase. Static phase and the dynamic phase. Insulin levels are low and insulin is needed for glucose to enter the cells of the body. There are particular areas of the brain that mediate pleasure from drugs. According to the default theory, REM sleep and wakefulness. LH is to the VMH. Paraventricular nuclei are to the LH.


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Bile acid sequestrant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The bile acid sequestrants are a group of resins used to bind certain components of bile in the gastrointestinal tract . They are used in the treatment of chronic diarrhea due to bile acid malabsorption . By doing so, they bind bile acids and sequester them from the enterohepatic circulation. Bile acid sequestrants are large polymeric structures, and they are not significantly absorbed from the gut into the bloodstream. Thus, bile acid sequestrants, along with any bile acids bound to the drug, are excreted via the feces after passage through the gastrointestinal tract. The bile acid binding resins can raise triglycerides modestly ( about 5%) and cannot be used if the triglycerides are elevated. Bile acid malabsorption[ edit ] Bile acid sequestrants are the principal therapy for bile acid-induced diarrhea. Hence, bile acid sequestrants may be used for the prevention of pruritus in patients with chronic liver disease. Bile acid sequestrants may also be used to treat hyperthyroidism as an adjunct therapy. As bile acid sequestrants are designed to stay in the gut, in general, they do not have systemic side-effects. Because bile acid sequestrants are not well-absorbed from the gut, they are generally regarded as safe in pregnant women. Hence, vitamin supplementation may be considered, with appropriate intervals between dosing of the vitamins and bile acid sequestrants. In addition to bile acids, bile acid sequestrants may also bind drugs in the GI tract, preventing their absorption into the bloodstream.


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Theophylline - FDA prescribing information, side effects


At serum Theophylline concentrations > 20 mcg/m L, both the frequency and severity of adverse reactions increase. Careful attention to dose reduction and frequent monitoring of serum Theophylline concentrations are required in patients with reduced hepatic function (see WARNINGS ). Careful attention to dose reduction and frequent monitoring of serum Theophylline concentrations are required in patients with CHF (see WARNINGS ). Careful attention to dose reduction and frequent monitoring of serum Theophylline concentrations are required in patients with sustained fever (see WARNINGS ). Careful attention to dose reduction and frequent monitoring of serum Theophylline concentrations are required in patients with any of these conditions (see WARNINGS ). Careful consideration must be given to the benefits and risks of Theophylline use and the need for more intensive monitoring of serum Theophylline concentrations in patients with the following risk factors: Careful attention to dose reduction and frequent monitoring of serum Theophylline concentrations are required in elderly patients (see PRECAUTIONS, Monitoring Serum Theophylline Concentrations , and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ). The severity of toxicity after chronic overdosage is more strongly correlated with the patient’s age than the peak serum Theophylline concentration; patients > 60 years are at the greatest risk for severe toxicity and mortality after a chronic overdosage. Overdose Management: General Recommendations for Patients with Symptoms of Theophylline Overdose or Serum Theophylline Concentrations > 30 mcg/m L (Note: Serum Theophylline concentrations may continue to increase after presentation of the patient for medical care.) Anticipate Need for Anticonvulsants  In patients with Theophylline overdose who are at high risk for Theophylline-induced seizures, e.g., patients with acute overdoses and serum Theophylline concentrations > 100 mcg/m L or chronic overdosage in patients > 60 years of age with serum Theophylline concentrations > 30 mcg/m L, the need for anticonvulsant therapy should be anticipated. Serial monitoring of serum Theophylline serum concentrations should be continued until it is clear that the concentration is no longer rising and has returned to non-toxic levels. General Considerations:  The steady-state peak serum Theophylline concentration is a function of the dose, the dosing interval, and the rate of Theophylline absorption and clearance in the individual patient.


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2020 midterm Flashcards


What thins the blood? What can we do to promote safe and effective administration of medication to the elderly? What is responsible for the most cases of CHF and hypertension? What can the nurse to do help a pt with CHF symptoms? What is the treatment for TIA's? What is the treatment for Gout? What will the nurse instruct the patient to do? Which will the nurse include in the discharge teaching plan for a patient with PVD? Before beginning therapy with pentoxifylline, the nurse should assess for cardiac symptoms, pain, and dizziness. Assess the patient for signs and symptoms of decreased sensorium. Which actions will the nurse take when caring for a patient with heart failure? “The symptoms are usual and indicate that the medication is at a therapeutic level.”


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Evolve Questions Test 3.doc - Pharmacology 3170 with


Correct Answer(s): A 5. Correct Answer(s): A 6. Correct Answer(s): A 7. Correct Answer(s): B 8. Correct Answer(s): D 9. Correct Answer(s): A, B, C, D 10. Correct Answer(s): C 8. Correct Answer(s): B 10. Correct Answer(s): D 11. Correct Answer(s): D 12. Correct Answer(s): C 14.


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Pharm Exam 1 drugs Flashcards


Decrease anxiety, nausea; increase comfort. Also decrease transit and fluid accumulation in intestine. Dilate blood vessels, decrease O 2 demand, increase O 2 supply. Decrease blood volume and BP. Vessels expand, increase blood flow, decrease BP. Decrease serum cholesterol and LDL. Reduce LDL and cholesterol. Decrease TG and VLDL, increase HDL. Block postsynaptic D 2 R, centrally and peripherially. Block D 2 and 5-HT 2 A. Treat + and - symptoms of schizophrenia.


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Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection : Overview, Table


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Final Exam flashcards


Lacking or low in one or more of the essential amino acids. Using amino acids for energy and glucose. Excess protein deanimated and converted into fat. Absorption occurs primarily in the: Which nutrient is passed through the GI tract mostly undigested and unabsorbed? Bile flows into the duodenum. When fat arrives in the duodenum, bile is squirted there by gallbladder. The muscular contractions that move food through the GI tract. Digestion and absorption are coordinated by the ______ and ____________. The painful sensation caused by a lack of food that initiates food-seeking behavior. The integrated response to the sight, smell, thought, or taste of food that initiates or delays eating. The feeling of satisfaction and fullness that occurs during a meal and halts eating. The feeling of satisfaction that occurs after a meal and inhibits eating until the next meal.


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Orlistat, Xenical, alli : Drug Facts, Side Effects and Dosing


DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Orlistat is a drug that promotes loss of weight by preventing the digestion and absorption of fat in food. Orlistat blocks the action of lipase and thereby prevents the breakup and absorption of fat. Orlistat blocks absorption of about 25% of the fat in a meal. The FDA approved Orlistat by prescription in 1999.


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Eustachian Tube Function : Overview, Embryology of the


This Privacy Policy describes how we may collect, use and disclose information about users of the Services. In this section of our Privacy Policy, we discuss the information we may collect about you in connection with your use the Services, which can include "Personal Information" (i.e., information that we can use to identify you, such as your name or email address) and "Non-Personal Information" (i.e., information that we do not use to identify you). Information that you post within a public forum is public information and may be used by us and third parties, as further described in the Medscape Terms of Use. We may use such information as described in this Privacy Policy and the third party, if applicable, will use such Personal Information as described at the point of collection. If you are a member of the Medscape Network, we may elect to associate our cookies and the information collected by our cookies with your registration information, thereby making the cookie information Personal Information. You must register with the Medscape Network to access the Apps which means that all information that we collect about your use of the Apps is Personal Information that we may use in the same manner as information about your use of the Sites as described in this Privacy Policy. For example, we may use third party information to verify and update your registration information and to personalize the Services provided to you, including advertising. In this section of our Privacy Policy, we discuss how we may use the Personal Information and Non-Personal Information that we collect about you. Specifically, we may use your registration information to send you communications about our products and services and the products and services of our third party sponsors through pop-ups, banners and e-mails. Target advertising and marketing communications based on information that we collect about your use of the Services and information about you that we obtain from third party sources. As described above, we use web beacons and cookies to track your use of the Services, including content consumption, and may associate this information with other information that we have about you, including Personal Information, thereby creating a profile of you that we may update from time to time ("Member Profile"). We may use your account information to administer your account, respond to your inquiries you send to us and to send you administrative communications about the Services.


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Aids Update - Nurses Learning Network


Other persons infected with the virus have many and severe symptoms. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF INFECTION WITH THE HIV VIRUS: Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of HIV infection. Nevirapine is broken down by the liver and can interact with other drugs that also use the liver. Delavirdine is broken down by the liver and can interact with other drugs that also use the liver. Efavirenz is broken down by the liver and can interact with other drugs that also use the liver. It can interact with other drugs that use the liver. The FDA just approved Norvir, a protease inhibitor, for use in children with HIV and AIDS. Nelfinavir is broken down by the liver and can interact with other drugs that also use the liver. The FDA approved amprenavir for use against HIV, in combination with other antiviral drugs. Amprenavir is broken down by the liver and can interact with other drugs that also use the liver.


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Health Chapter 4 flashcards


Operations by modifying the size of the stomach and the GI tract to reduce the amount of food that can be consumed. Energy needed to sustain metabolic activities of cells and to maintain vital body processes. Direct measurement of energy expenditure by assessing the amount of heat produced by the body. Radiographic body composition methos used to estimate bone mass, fat mass, and LBM. Energy content of food provided by fat (9), carbs (4), protein (4), and alcohol (7) Drugs that reduce the ability to absorb body fat by blocking the fat digesting enzyme lipase. Theory that the amount of stored fat is the result of the number and size of fat cells. Measures energy expenditure by determining the oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide produced in the body over time. Hormone secreted by fat tissue that is correlated with body-fat percentage and is thought to have a role in appetite and body weight regulation. Environment conducive to the development and maintenance of nutrition and physical activity behaviors that generate obesity. Energy expenditure when the body is not completely rested and in a fasting state. Theory that a regulatory mechanism operates to keep body weight and body fatness at a certain level. Changing the environment to minimize the stimuli for unhealthy eating behavior and maximize stimuli for healthy eating behavior and physical activity. Repeated cycles of weight gain and weight loss.


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Calcium Monograph - NDHealthFacts - Health Facts


Calcium is better absorbed in the presence of vitamin D , protein , lactose, and an acidic environment. If levels of phosphorus are increased, the rate of calcium absorption is decreased. Calcium lactate, calcium citrate, or calcium gluconate are the preferred forms of calcium for supplementation. Calcium citrate is already ionized and soluble. Calcium citrate may increase aluminum absorption. Calcium depletion and effects of bone loss plausible with extended use. Alcohol - intake may reduce calcium absorption. Iron - Concomitant use of calcium and iron can decrease GI absorption of iron , particularly from non-heme sources. Magnesium - Concomitant administration of calcium and magnesium , particularly with high calcium, decreases GI absorption of magnesium . Phosphorus - Oral administration of calcium, as a divalent cation, may bind with oral phosphate and interfere with phosphorus absorption in the GI tract. Some recommend separating intake of calcium supplementation and soy products by 2 hours.


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