Weight loss is common among people with cancer and is often the first noticeable sign of the disease. As many as 40% of people with cancer report unexplained weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and up to 80% of people with advanced cancer experience weight loss and cachexia, or wasting, which is the combination of weight loss and muscle mass loss. Weight loss and muscle wasting also often come with fatigue , weakness, loss of energy, and an inability to perform everyday tasks. Controlling cancer-related weight loss is important for your comfort and well-being. Consider asking your doctor about receiving food through a tube that goes directly to the stomach, which may help people with head and neck or esophageal cancers who are having difficulty chewing or difficulty swallowing . Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progesterone hormone that can improve appetite, weight gain, and a person's sense of well-being. Steroid medications can increase appetite, improve a person's sense of well-being, and help with nausea, weakness, or pain. Other medications are being studied to help people with cancer improve their appetite and gain weight. Nutrition counseling may help people with cancer get essential nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals into their diet and maintain a healthy body weight. You can also find a dietitian through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. These details can help you work with your health care team to find the best way to maintain your weight, or gain needed weight, during cancer treatment.
Before you cut your meals even more drastically, pause for a moment and consider that in your efforts to cut calories and trim your waistline, you may in a chronic pattern of under-eating. And while, no, sadly, we’re not encouraging you run out to the nearest Italian restaurant and get yourself two large anything with cheese, it’s important that you take a moment to ensure that you’re getting enough energy and nutrients on a daily basis with your diet plan to keep your body humming happily while you slim down and tone up. In short: Remember the Eat This, in "Eat This, Not That!" And it’s not just extreme under-eating that can be a problem; coming in a couple hundred calories below where you should be is a harmful habit. Your body can even start to store, or hoard, the calories in case this starvation state persists.” Even further, that 1300 calorie per day minimum is only a baseline–if you exercise vigorously for more than three hours per week, you’ll have to up that number a bit. Another primary reason that under-eating can stunt your weight loss efforts is the starve-and-binge effect. “Once you start eating normally again, you’ll gain it all back, and then some.” Moskovitz concurs, saying, “It is important to understand that if your goal is to lose weight successfully, keep the weight off, and improve health at the same time. If you’re not quite sure where your calorie counts are, keeping a diligent food journal for even a couple days can get you back on track and ensure you hit your minimum requirements.
Evaluating and Treating Unintentional Weight Loss in the Elderly. Elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are at higher risk for infection, depression and death. Food and Drug Administration has labeled no appetite stimulants for the treatment of weight loss in the elderly. Unintentional weight loss in the elderly patient can be difficult to evaluate. Selected Medications Associated with Unintentional Weight Loss in the Elderly. The use of formal screening instruments for depression, such as the Geriatric Depression Scale, 25 may be necessary in the elderly patient with unintentional weight loss. However, none are specifically indicated for the treatment of weight loss in elderly patients, and few have been studied in this population. Food and Drug Administration has not labeled any of these drugs for use in elderly patients with weight loss. Although medications may help promote appetite and weight gain in an elderly patient with unintentional weight loss, drugs should not be considered first-line treatment. Low body weight and weight loss in the aged. Unexplained weight loss in the ambulatory elderly. Diagnosis and management of weight loss in the elderly.
Many of us wouldn't want to question unexplained weight loss. We'd just be happy to be losing weight! Though the prospect of losing weight without even trying may seem like a blessing, it really is something to question. Reasons for Unintentional Weight Loss. Possible causes of unintentional weight loss include depression, frequent diarrhea, hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), infection, poor nutrition, AIDS, and cancer. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders, and smoking. Unexplained Weight Loss and Colon Cancer. You're unlikely to notice the diversion of blood and nutrients, but sometimes tumors release chemicals that increase the body's metabolism (such as burn calories faster), which can lead to unexplained weight loss. Medical Attention for Unexplained Weight Loss. (That would be about 10 pounds for a 200-pound person.) You should also call your doctor if you experience unexplained weight loss in conjunction with other potential colon cancer symptoms . "Colon Cancer: Signs and Symptoms." Mayo Clinic 17 Aug. "Signs and Symptoms of Cancer." American Cancer Society 28 Feb. "Weight Loss - Unintentional." National Institutes of Health 22 Jan. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders , and smoking.
What Are the Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Women? Rapid weight loss usually begins suddenly, and the cause may or may not be known. If you've made no changes to your daily routine, and you experience a rapid or significant weight loss, consult your doctor. Both cancer and cancer treatment may cause rapid, unintentional weight loss. Lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, leukemia and colon cancer may be especially likely to trigger rapid weight loss in women. Any condition that interferes with eating, digestion or the absorption of nutrients can lead to rapid weight loss.
What Is Unintentional Weight Gain? Unintentional weight gain can be periodic, continuous, or rapid. Continuous unintentional weight gain is often the result of pregnancy. Rapid unintentional weight gain may also be caused by medication side effects. What Causes Unintentional Weight Gain? The most common cause of unintentional weight gain is pregnancy. Periodic weight gain is often caused by the menstrual cycle. Symptoms of Unintentional Weight Gain. How Is Unintentional Weight Gain Diagnosed? How Is Unintentional Weight Gain Treated?
Understanding unexpected weight loss. What are some possible causes of weight loss, what questions might your doctor ask, and what can you expect as you and your doctor seek to determine the cause? What Is Unexplained Weight Loss? Weight loss may occur because you are eating less, or because your body is using nutrients differently due to a change in your metabolism or the growth of a tumor. If you are losing weight without trying it is important to make an appointment to see your doctor, even if you think there is an explanation for your weight loss. Diagnosing Weight Loss That Isn’t Intentional. If you have unintentional weight loss, your doctor will first take a careful history and do a physical exam. How fast have you been losing weight? Have you ever had weight loss like this before? How upsetting is the weight loss to you? Causes of Unexplained Weight Loss. There are many reasons for unexplained weight loss, some serious, and some more of a nuisance. Importance of Unintentional Weight Loss. Unintentional weight loss in older adults . Weight Loss – Unintentional.
Unexplained Weight Loss. Unexplained weight loss is weight loss of 10lbs or 5% of your body weight without trying. Unexplained weight loss is the term used to describe a decrease in body weight that occurs unintentionally and can be a warning sign of diabetes. What are the possible causes of unexplained weight loss? Potential causes of unexplained weight loss include: Diabetes with substantial weight loss.
What's With the Weight Gain? But what if you're doing everything the same as you always do, and your weight still goes up? Drugs That May Cause Weight Gain. Treating hypothyroidism with medication may reverse some of the weight gain. But where you gain weight may be related to menopause, with fat accumulating around your waist more than your hips and thighs. Weight gain is a common symptom of Cushing's syndrome, a condition in which you are exposed to too much of the stress hormone cortisol, which in turn causes weight gain and other abnormalities. The weight gain may be most prominent around the face, neck, upper back, or waist. Women with this condition are resistant to insulin (the hormone that controls blood sugar), so it may cause weight gain. When you quit, you may gain some weight, but perhaps less than you think. Rule 1: If You Do Gain Weight . Also, something else may be causing you to gain weight. Rule 2: If You Do Gain Weight . Rule 3: If You Do Gain Weight . Rule 4: If You Do Gain Weight . Rule 5: If You Do Gain Weight .
Unexpected Weight Loss. Sudden Weight Loss May Mean Tumor Growth. Sudden and unexpected weight loss is one of the first important symptoms of tumor. You may experience excessive and unexpected loss of weight first before you can be diagnosed with the exact type. What is considered "unexpected and unhealthy weight loss"? Unexpected loss of weight is usually a first symptom of tumor growth.
A dramatic increase in your exercise regimen might result in sudden weight loss. Cutting back on the amount you exercise or increasing the amount of calories you consume might help put a stop to the weight loss and help you maintain a healthy weight, says Mayo Clinic.com. As you get older, your sense of smell and taste might change, says Mayo Clinic.com Likewise, medications for heart disease and other conditions can cause nausea or make foods unpalatable. Nausea or digestive upset can reduce your appetite and decrease the amount of calories you consume. Sudden weight loss in men may be the result of illness or disease.
Weight Loss. What is weight loss? Weight loss as a symptom is any loss of weight that you cannot explain, or that you did not plan or work for through increased diet control and exercise. It can also be caused by loss of appetite due to dementia and by certain eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia as well as malnutrition. Some drugs are also known to cause abnormal weight loss. Drug abuse involving excessive use of purgatives and laxatives, heavy street drug use, or smoking is also known to cause abnormal weight loss. Rapid or persistent weight loss is very dangerous and can cause severe damage to multiple organs and should always be investigated as soon as possible. Weight loss - unintentional. The diagnostic spectrum of unintentional weight loss. Investigation and management of unintentional weight loss in older adults.
However, occasionally, the first symptom to develop in some serious diseases is weight loss. Some people may see a doctor to say that they have lost weight and don't know why. However, occasionally, weight loss is the first symptom noticed. So, weight loss is sometimes the first thing reported to a doctor. Weight loss may develop due to not eating much. It may be friends or family who actually notice that the person has lost weight. Family and friends may show concern about weight loss and not be aware that the person has an alcohol problem. But, occasionally, the first symptom that is noticed with infections such as tuberculosis or HIV is weight loss. However, weight loss may be the first symptom noticed. Again, it is sometimes friends or family who may first notice that a person is not right and has lost weight and it then turns out to be the early stages of dementia. See individual leaflets on the various diseases that can cause weight loss.
10 Primary Reasons For Sudden Weight Loss. Are few reasons that could trigger weight loss. Here are 10 such sudden weight loss reasons. The increased mood swings associated with depression will leave you with lack of sleep, hopelessness, and extensive, drastic weight loss, finally leading to suicidal attempts. Weight loss is one of the primary symptoms of cancer accompanied by excessive fatigue levels, and night flushes. Both Type I and Type II diabetes result in extensive weight loss. This weight loss may also be accompanied by excessive thirst, frequent urination, tingling sensation in the feet, and slight numbness. AIDS, caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV], is also a worrisome trigger for drastic loss of weight. Even worse, alcohol uses up the nutrients stored in the body, triggering drastic weight loss. The lack of food intake thus triggers extensive loss of weight. If the weight loss incurred during the past 6 months is more than 5 percent of your total weight. Any worrisome symptoms associated with this weight loss. While the effects of weight loss due to many of the above mentioned medical conditions could be alleviated to a great extent, it is quintessential to take medical help for such reasons of sudden weight loss.
Unintentional weight loss is when you lose weight without dieting or increasing physical activity. What Causes Unintentional Weight Loss? Unintentional weight loss is often the result of an underlying chronic medical condition. What Are the Symptoms of Unintentional Weight Loss? Certain medications can cause unintentional weight loss as a side effect. How Is Unintentional Weight Loss Diagnosed? Note when the weight loss started. Also, make a note of any other symptoms you experienced around the time of the weight loss. Unintentional weight loss is a symptom of several conditions. What Are the Treatment Options for Unintentional Weight Loss? Your doctor will likely prescribe medication if a hormonal disorder is causing the unintentional weight loss. If your doctor suspects that your unintentional weight loss may be due to a more serious illness, such as cancer, you may undergo some tests to get more information.
8 Causes of Sudden Weight Loss in Dogs. Sudden weight loss in dogs may signal serious medical conditions and should be reported to the vet. This weight loss in dogs may be caused by: Diabetes will cause the dog to have increased appetite, but despite this, he will still lose a lot of weight. A dog with parasites may lose weight. The tapeworm resides in the dog’s intestine and feeds on the food consumed by the dog; consequently, the dog is deprived by essential nutrients and will get thinner. The liver processes sugars and carbs needed by the body; if the dog has liver disease, the liver will not be able to provide these essential nutrients. The dog has a steroid hormone deficit and will be signaled by vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, low blood pressure or fever. The pet will also lose weight. In this case, the dog will lose weight. A pregnant dog may lose weight in the first stage of the pregnancy as she lacks appetite due to nausea. This is not a cause for worry, as the dog will soon gain back the weight. The treatment depends on the cause of the weight loss.
Depending on the reason for your cat’s weight loss, you may notice that your cat’s appetite is reduced or entirely gone, a condition known as anorexia. If you are not sure what your cat’s ideal weight should be, your veterinarian will be able to provide guidance and a suggested feeding regimen to meet your cat’s nutritional needs. Causes of Cat Weight Loss. Cats under psychological stress may go off their food, which can result in weight loss. Although not all cat weight loss is caused by cancer, it is a relatively common culprit. This disease, which may be caused by a failure to produce the hormone insulin or an impaired ability to respond to it, commonly causes weight loss in cats, often with a change in appetite.
If you suddenly begin to lose weight and you're not sure why, it may be the sign of an underlying health condition that may have developed. It can also be a signal that something about the way that you eat and exercise is not promoting a healthy body stasis. Only by recognizing that you've had unexplained weight loss will you then be able to examine the reasons why this is happening. One of the major reasons for unexplained weight loss is a stomach virus or disease that you may not otherwise be aware of. When you see that you've lost weight, consider whether you've felt sick at all and whether you might have a condition of this type. When this happens, you'll not be able to absorb those nutrients for yourself, and you'll consequently lose weight and begin to be malnourished, even when you're eating the same amount of food that you usually do. If you've been exercising more frequently than normal, you may have burned more calories than you're used to, and the result is that you may begin to lose weight. If you continue this pattern, you'll continue to lose weight and may even have some difficulty putting it back on. If you're concerned about your unexplained weight loss, consult with a doctor or a nutritionist for more information.
Weight loss.       Poor nutrient utilization can lead to weight loss, and can be caused by fistulae in the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, drug-nutrient interaction, enzyme depletion and muscle atrophy. Unintentional weight loss can be the characteristic leading to diagnosis of diseases such as cancer  and type 1 diabetes .  Around 25% experience moderate to severe weight loss, and most others have some weight loss.  Greater weight loss is associated with poorer prognosis. People with HIV often experience weight loss, and it is associated with poorer outcomes. Medical treatment can directly or indirectly cause weight loss, impairing treatment effectiveness and recovery that can lead to further weight loss in a vicious cycle. Intentional weight loss is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. Weight loss in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks,  increase fitness,  and may delay the onset of diabetes . Weight loss occurs when the body is expending more energy in work and metabolism than it is absorbing from food or other nutrients. The healthiest weight loss regimen, therefore, is one that consists of a balanced diet and moderate physical activity.[ citation needed ] The least intrusive weight loss methods, and those most often recommended, are adjustments to eating patterns and increased physical activity, generally in the form of exercise. In order for weight loss to be permanent, changes in diet and lifestyle must be permanent as well.
Weight gain occurs when you regularly eat more calories than you use through normal bodily functions and physical activity. But the lifestyle habits causing your weight gain aren't always obvious. Losing weight means eating fewer calories and burning more energy through physical activity. Do you recognise some of the causes of your weight gain in any of the following? High sugar foods can also contain lots of calories and so contribute to weight gain." "You need to look at the overall energy and calories. Do this often, and you may put on weight. Don't forget that you can do an activity while watching the TV, such as using an exercise bike." For more ideas, see Get active your way . The most common drugs that can cause weight gain are steroids (taken for many conditions, including arthritis, eczema and asthma), antipsychotic drugs, and insulin, among others. Some research suggests that a lack of sleep can contribute to weight gain.
Unintentional Weight Loss in Older Adults. Patient information: See handout on unintentional weight loss in older adults , written by the authors of this article. Unintentional weight loss in persons older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Overall, nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of unintentional weight loss in this population than malignancy. Social factors may contribute to unintentional weight loss. Appetite stimulants may increase weight but have serious adverse effects and no evidence of decreased mortality. Unintentional weight loss (i.e., more than a 5% reduction in body weight within six to 12 months) occurs in 15% to 20% of older adults and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. 1 In this population, unintentional weight loss can lead to functional decline in activities of daily living, 2 increased in-hospital morbidity, 3 increased risk of hip fracture in women, 4 and increased overall mortality. Because unintentional weight loss is a nonspecific condition and no published guidelines exist for evaluation and management, the appropriate workup, if any, is difficult to determine. This article focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and potential treatments of unintentional weight loss in patients older than 65 years.
You have lost more than 10 pounds OR 5% of your normal body weight over 6 to 12 months or less, and you do not know the reason. You have other symptoms along with the weight loss. How much weight have you lost? Are you eating less? Are you exercising more? Do you have more stress or anxiety than usual? Have you vomited? Have you had constipation or diarrhea? Do you have increased thirst or are you drinking more? Are you urinating more than usual? Have you lost any hair? Are you pleased or concerned with the weight loss?
You are here: Home / Fitness / Physical / Possible causes of sudden weight gain or weight loss. Possible causes of sudden weight gain or weight loss. Just as it is essential to weigh yourself from time to time, it is essential to monitor sudden increase and decrease in your weight as the same could be amongst the very first few symptoms of an underlying disease. We discuss here what may be the possible reasons of a sudden increase or decrease in your weight. Sudden weight gain. Weight gain would be considered worrisome and sudden if there are no possible explicable reasons of the same such as – weight gain during pregnancy and the weight gain of about 5 percent of total body weight happens fairly quickly – in a span of a few days to a few months. There could be multiple reasons for sudden weight gain. Are all reasons of sudden weight gain. Proper diagnosis and timely help could reverse the weight gain effects. Just as sudden weight gain could be a cause of worry, weight loss could be worrisome too. It is essential to find out the reasons of sudden weight loss to ensure that a person is not suffering from any serious malady. If the reasons of sudden weight loss are as above, it is necessary to counsel the subject, explaining clearly the long term benefits of eating and exercising right. In which case, the weight loss may be symptomatic of deeper and larger medical problems. Whatever may be the reason for weight gain or loss, the first step is to identify it and then diagnose it correctly.
An approach to the management of unintentional weight loss in elderly people. Weight loss in elderly people can have a deleterious effect on the ability to function and on quality of life and is associated with an increase in mortality over a 12-month period. We review the incidence and prevalence of weight loss in elderly patients, its impact on morbidity and mortality, the common causes of unintentional weight loss and a clinical approach to diagnosis. Voluntary weight loss among elderly patients is also associated with increased risk of death 17 and of hip fracture, 19 which highlights the importance of maintaining weight with age. 43 , 44 Many elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are experiencing concomitant malnutrition 45 and thereby have cachexia. Unintentional weight loss is common in elderly people and is associated with significant adverse health outcomes, increased mortality and progressive disability. Unexplained weight loss in the ambulatory elderly. Unintentional weight loss: diagnosis and prognosis. Unintentional weight loss in the ambulatory setting: etiologies and outcomes [abstract]. Evaluating and treating unintentional weight loss in the elderly.
You or a family member loses more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. You have lost more than 10 pounds OR 5% of your normal body weight over 6-12 months or less, and you don't know the reason. You have other symptoms along with the weight loss. The health care provider will do a physical exam and check your weight. You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms, including: When did the weight loss begin? Is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
Given that unintentional weight loss is a common condition among older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes, our objective was to review the evidence regarding risk factors, differential diagnosis, prognosis, investigation and treatment of unintentional weight loss in this population. Based on evidence from a large cohort study that involved 4010 persons aged 65 years and older from 11 cities in Europe, the most common independent factors associated with unexplained weight loss are those related to food intake. 10 In multivariate analysis, only difficulties in bringing food to the mouth and chewing were significantly associated with weight loss. A chart review of 290 medical records from many centres in the United States that included long-term care residents and home care clients found six factors to be associated with unexplained weight loss. A cross-sectional study of 68 community-dwelling older adults in the midwestern United States (with an average age of 86 years and 51 of whom were women) showed that depression (using the Geriatric Depression Scale) was independently associated with weight loss (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.12–2.43). 12 Another prospective study (n = 309) found that psychiatric and psychological diseases are one of the primary reasons for unexplained weight loss. Another prospective trial randomized 29 dieticians to the provision of usual nutritional care or a new medical nutritional therapy protocol for prevention and treatment of unexplained weight loss among long-term care residents. One study also looked at the use of dronabinol for unexplained weight loss. Medications that are not clearly required and that may be contributing to the weight loss should be discontinued or appropriate alternatives considered. What is the prognosis for those with unintentional weight loss? Although treatment remains a challenge, clinicians should attempt to identify and address factors that may be contributing to the weight loss. A comprehensive history and physical examination has the greatest potential for eliciting the cause(s) of weight loss.
Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of many conditions - cancer included. Weight Loss and Cancer. Unintentional weight loss can be a symptom of cancer , though vague and non-specific. When To See Your Doctor About Weight Loss. Generally, you should see your doctor if you have lost 5 percent of your body weight within six months or less and have done so without modifying your diet or exercising. Your doctor may ask you several questions to help identify why you are losing weight. Your doctor will want to know the basics like when you first started to lose weight and how much you have lost. Remember, Weight Loss Doesn't Mean You Have Cancer. You may also get a better understanding of what your symptoms, like weight loss , may mean by using the About.com Symptom Checker , an interactive health education tool.
We often assume weight loss is good and healthy. A slow steady intentional weight loss using nutritional change and exercise is associated with beneficial effects on the heart, blood pressure , and cholesterol levels . In addition, weight loss can reduce "i nsulin resistance" and make muscles and fat tissues more sensitive to circulating insulin levels in the blood. As a result, a vicious cycle occurs, the higher the insulin levels are, the harder it is to lose weight (insulin is anabolic, and is a hormone that likes to store fat). While intentional weight loss in people with diabetes is usually a good thing, unintentional weight loss is not. If blood sugars are very high, patients with diabetes tend to urinate a lot, and this results in dehydration as a possible cause of weight loss. Actually, many patients with diabetes present for the first time to their doctor's office because of unexplained loss of weight. In addition to diabetes, there are other concerning causes of unexpected weight loss which should be explored such as thyroid disease and cancers. This is why all exercise and weight loss programs should be started only after discussion with a physician. Any unexplained weight loss, in patients with or without known diabetes may be a sign of high blood sugars or another serious illness.
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This Buzzle article gives you information on the probable causes of sudden weight loss, and how it is related to various health related conditions. Sudden weight loss is one of the symptoms of Addison's disease. Weight loss occurs due to malabsorption of vital nutrients, followed by other complications that affect the liver, kidneys, peripheral nervous system and brain. A mental condition that is characterized by the persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest is known as depression. Usually, if the sugar level goes higher than normal, the most common symptoms are excessive thirst, and unexplained weight loss. This cycle is what causes the sudden weight loss in diabetics. Sudden loss of weight occurs in those who have hypercalcemia, due to the loss of appetite. Sudden weight loss, sweating, nervousness, irritability, and rapid or irregular heartbeat, are caused due to the acceleration of the body's metabolism because of hyperthyroidism. Sudden weight loss due to the uncontrolled tremors and loss of appetite is common with people who have Parkinson's disease. The most common symptoms of peptic ulcers are vomiting blood (red- or black-colored), unexpected weight loss, appetite changes, and dark blood in stools. The symptoms of this condition include, rectal bleeding, rectal pain, bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, and an inability to move the bowels, in spite of the urge to do so, and unintended weight loss. However, if the unexpected weight loss was not due to any of these causes, then it should not be overlooked and should be reported to your medical healthcare professional immediately.
Effect of dietary supplements and physical exercise on sensory perception, appetite, dietary intake and body weight in frail elderly subjects. J Amer Geriatr Soc 1992;40:155-62. J Amer Geriatr Soc 2003;51:85-90. J Amer Geriatr Soc 1995;43:835-6. J Amer Geriatr Soc 2000;48:485-92. Evaluating and treating unintentional weight loss in the elderly. J Amer Geriatr Soc 1994;42:1100-2. J Amer Geriatr Soc 1998;46:1378-86. J Amer Geriatr Soc 2001;49:1309-18. The effects of improved oral hygiene on taste perception and nutrition of the elderly. Effect of flavor enhancement of foods for the elderly on nutritional status: food intake, biochemical indices, and anthropometric measures. Flavor enhancement of food improves dietary intake and nutritional status of elderly nursing home residents. Evaluation of the dietary intake of homebound elderly and the feasibility of dietary supplementation.
In today’s world in which more than 50 percent of dogs and cats are considered overweight or obese, weight loss is often a desirable outcome for our sedentary, overfed pets. A change in diet can sometimes cause weight loss either because the pet finds the food less appealing or because it has fewer calories. A move to a new home, a change in schedule, or greater access to the outdoors can lead to weight loss if a pet becomes more active as a result. Geriatric pets can sometimes lose small amounts of weight as part of the normal aging process. Persistent, rapid, or dramatic weight loss (greater than 10 percent of a pet’s body weight), however, can be the sign of a serious condition, such as: Has the pet’s home life or schedule changed? Has the pet’s diet changed? If changes in diet or activity level don’t seem sufficient explanation for the degree of weight loss (particularly if the pet’s weight loss is greater than 10 percent of her body weight), a veterinary visit is absolutely in order. There are several steps a veterinarian may undertake to discern the origin of the weight loss. When did you first notice the weight loss? What a pet looks and feels like can tell your veterinarian a lot about weight loss. Definitive treatment depends on the underlying cause of the weight loss.
Unintentional weight loss Significant weight loss can also be the result of an eating disorder , such as anorexia or bulimia . If your weight loss wasn't due to the above causes, and you didn't lose weight through dieting or exercising, see your GP, as you may have an illness that needs treating. The following information may give you a better idea of the cause of your weight loss, but don't use it to diagnose yourself. Other common causes of unexpected weight loss. Less common causes of unexpected weight loss. Less frequently, unexpected weight loss may be the result of:
Weight Gain in Men. Male weight gain coupled with muscle loss means more weight to carry and less muscle to carry it with, resulting in fatigue and low energy levels. Weight gain in men is affected by high stress or cortisol levels in the body. Male weight gain naturally follows. Low testosterone can cause low energy and fatigue , meaning less physical activity and weight gain in men. The Solution: Male Weight Loss. The imbalances of several hormones come into play when talking about weight gain in men. Contact the Body Logic MD affiliated bioidentical hormone replacement therapy physician nearest you to schedule an appointment and learn more about how bioidentical hormone therapy is providing relief from weight gain in men.
When you notice a change in the size, shape, or color of a mole or other spot on your skin , see your doctor as soon as you can. Have your doctor check any swelling that doesn't get better in 2 to 4 weeks, Meyers says. But if your problems don’t go away and you’re also losing weight or vomiting , your doctor may want to check you for throat or stomach cancer . During a barium test, you drink a special liquid that makes your throat stand out on the X-ray. You can take care of most cases of heartburn with changes to your diet, drinking habits, and stress levels. If that doesn’t help, ask your doctor to look into your symptoms. Heartburn that doesn't go away or gets worse could mean stomach or throat cancer . Talk to your doctor or dentist about tests and treatments. If you haven’t changed your diet or exercise habits, it could mean that stress or a thyroid problem is taking a toll. Your doctor can find out more with blood tests and tools that make detailed pictures of the inside of your body, like a CT or PET scan .
When you consume more calories than you burn you will gain weight – that is just science. But gaining weight when you do exercise and when you do eat healthy? More times than not there are other factors causing you to gain weight besides your eating habits. In fact, there are five main reasons why you would gain weight even if you are eating healthy and exercising. Short night sleep, interrupted sleep and late nights partying can cause harm to your sleep patterns and you wind up storing more fat to compensate for the loss of energy. Stress is the silent killer and can also be the cause of your weight gain. Regardless of the medications you are on you must still eat healthy and exercise. If you think your meds are to blame for your weight inflation then speak to your doctor. These changes in your hormones can make you feel hungry, depressed and give you poor rest. You tend to lose weight in the hip and thigh area but gain it around the middle.