Rapid Weight Gain and Loose Stool. But unintentional and rapid weight gain can still happen even with diarrhea. But, you can effectively deal with both weight gain and diarrhea. Causes of Weight Gain and Loose Stools. Eating excessive amounts of sugary and sweetened foods can also cause both weight gain and loose stools. Separate Causes of Weight Gain and Loose Stool. Weight gain and loose stools may also occur independently and be caused by unrelated factors, such as dietary changes, illness or health conditions. A number of medical conditions - like thyroid problems, changes in metabolism and mental health problems like depression - can also cause weight gain, according to Medline Plus.
What is causing my cat’s weight loss? A: Weight loss and a mediocre appetite can be a frustrating thing to diagnose. Diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and chronic renal failure are three illnesses that result in weight loss and are commonly seen in older cats. However, cats with hyperthyroidism and diabetes tend to have a strong appetite. In my experience, cats that experience weight loss and poor appetite, with very few other clinical signs, often have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition in which inflammatory cells infiltrate the intestinal tract. The four most common signs seen with IBD are vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss and poor appetite. Vomiting and diarrhea are commonly seen as symptoms of gastrointestinal disease, and most veterinarians will explore the possibility of a gastrointestinal disorder when cats are vomiting and/or have diarrhea. Poor appetite and weight loss, however, are very non-specific signs. I’ve diagnosed many cases of IBD in cats with vague clinical signs, such as weight loss, poor appetite or both.
AAHA Senior care guidelines for dogs and cats. Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice: Geriatrics. B Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA; 2005. B Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA; 2004. Supplement to Veterinary Medicine; 1997. In Hoskins, JD (ed) The Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice: Geriatrics. Saunders Co. Critical Issues in Senior Pets: Disease Prevention, health and wellness. Veterinary Forum 2006 (Dec):40-46. Roundtable on pediatric, adult, senior, and geriatric wellness at every stage of life. Veterinary Forum; 1999 (January):60-67.
Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Older Cats. As your kitty ages she can develop a variety of health issues, some of which can cause rapid weight loss. Rapid weight loss can lead to other, potentially fatal conditions, so it's important you bring your furbaby in for a check with her veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Without regular veterinary dental cleanings, this buildup can lead to the inflammation and infection of your cat's gums. This condition results from the buildup of fat in the cat's liver, leading to more serious symptoms like rapid weight loss, which can be fatal. Both the dental disease and the hepatic lipidosis require treatment by a veterinarian to prevent continuing problems with eating and weight loss. This disease results from an overproduction of the hormone that controls your cat's metabolism. Older cats, especially obese older kitties, can develop type 2 diabetes, a condition that can lead to rapid weight loss. Some older cats fail to eat when they can't get to their food, leading to hepatic lipidosis and weight loss. Some older cats have a reduced sense of smell, which can cause them to stop eating; heating the food helps your kitty smell it and may tempt her to eat it. Always consult with your veterinarian at the first signs of weight loss in your elderly cat.
Geeks On Pets > > Cats > > Cat Health > > Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Older Cats. Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Older Cats. Weight loss in senior cats with no prior history of illness is usually indicative of the onset of some type of disease. Symptoms include increased appetite with weight loss, vomiting, cardiac arrhythmia, increased blood pressure, aggressive behavior and possible blindness. Diabetic cats will drink and urinate excessively, have good appetite and still lose weight. The cat may have difficulty breathing, lowered body temperature, stop eating and show a marked lameness or paralysis in the rear limbs. Bad teeth and the loss of a sense of smell will also cause an older animal to stop eating, as will systemic organ failure. The majority of treatments and medications that a veterinarian will prescribe for a senior cat with health problems and associated weight loss will most likely be for palliative care - intended to reduce the effects of the symptoms and bring comfort to the animal. The best prevention for serious disease in aging cats is to give them regular veterinary care when they are younger, including annual blood tests and dental cleaning. Cats, as a rule, tend to hide their symptoms until disease is fairly well advanced and most chronic illness in older cats is not curable. If you wish to maintain your pet's health well into old age, you'llo need to be vigilant in watching for signs and symptoms and must be willing to undertake some of the supportive care at home.
There are a variety of different conditions in the gastrointestinal tract that may cause cat weight loss. Common GI problems that produce weight loss in cats include inflammatory bowel disease, food allergies, or certain infections. Also known as worms, intestinal parasites may be the cause of your cat’s unintentional weight loss. Many elderly cats exhibit weight loss, and it can be difficult to determine the precise cause of the problem, especially because metabolism changes with age. In addition to weight loss, hyperthyroidism may cause vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle wasting. To determine what is causing your cat’s weight loss and design the best treatment plan for you and your pet, your veterinarian will likely do a complete physical exam, blood work, and urinalysis. Depending on the reason for your cat’s weight loss, a variety of treatments and dietary changes to treat the underlying condition and restore weight may be prescribed. The weight loss caused by certain conditions of the gastrointestinal tract may be addressed, either solely or in part, by making appropriate changes to your cat’s diet. Cats that lose weight because of food allergies may recover completely when the offending foods are removed from their diet.
Cat Diarrhea - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. Food allergies and food intolerances may also cause diarrhea. What are the symptoms of diarrhea? Other symptoms may also occur depending on the underlying cause of diarrhea and may include: Your cat should see a veterinarian for diarrhea if the following occurs: If the diarrhea contains blood. How is the cause of diarrhea determined? The type and colour of the diarrhea, along with accompanying symptoms can help your veterinarian narrow down a cause. Treatment naturally depends on the cause of diarrhea. If the diarrhea is acute, and the cat seems otherwise fit and well, your veterinarian may choose to withhold food for a day or so.
Diarrhea & Weight Loss in a Cat. Weight loss in cats is always cause for concern. If your cat is losing weight and has diarrhea, don't delay. Among the symptoms of irritable bowel disease (IBD) are diarrhea, vomiting and weight loss. Some untreated hyperthyroid cats have diarrhea, along with weight loss despite a ravenous appetite. Along with diarrhea and weight loss, symptoms of pancreatitis include lethargy, dehydration and loss of appetite. The symptoms of intestinal lymphoma include vomiting and diarrhea, weight loss, and a rough hair coat. Such intestinal parasites as roundworms, hookworms, coccidia and giardia can cause diarrhea and weight loss.
Feline Weight Loss: When Your Cat Losing Weight Isn't Normal. Good feline care includes knowing what a normal cat weight is for your feline and taking action when any cat weight loss occurs. Many cat illnesses have weight loss as one of the primary symptoms. There are two exceptions to that: (1) the cats that steadily gain weight and become overweight, and (2) cats that have an illness. Cat weight gain is cause for concern, but not because it indicates an illness. There is no disease in cats that causes weight gain. For example, I have heard it said that cats gain weight because they are hypothyroid. Because cats tend to stay the same weight year after year or they gain weight, it is ALWAYS of concern if you notice your cat losing weight. I have been asked or told many times by cat owners that their cat's weight loss must be due to growing older. Old age does not cause feline weight loss, but old age can increase your cat's risk of acquiring certain feline diseases or a number of problems that cause this illness symptom. But the age itself is not a reason for weight loss. But a pound weight loss in a 10 pound cat is loss of 10% of the cat's body weight. Unfortunately, when you look at your cat, you may not notice early weight loss. That first pound lost is not easy to see if your cat has been at a healthy weight for years. What are the Causes of Feline Weight Loss?
Weight Loss in Cats. Weight loss is considered clinically important when it exceeds 10 percent of the normal body weight and is not associated with fluid loss. In Cats, during weight loss, the appetite may be normal, increased or decreased . Causes of Weight Loss in Cats. There are many reasons for loss of weight in cats. Diagnostic Tests for Weight Loss in Cats. Treatment of Weight Loss in Cats. In-depth Information on Weight Loss in Cats. Weight loss is a physical condition that results from a negative caloric balance, as when metabolic utilization and excretion of essential nutrients exceed the caloric intake. There are several disorders or situations that need to be considered when evaluating cats for weight loss. Diarrhea and weight loss are commonly seen with the disorder.
Possible Symptoms Of Addison's Disease. Possible Symptoms Of Chronic Kidney Disease. Possible Symptoms Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Possible Symptoms Of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. Possible Symptoms Of Feline Leukemia Virus Disease Complex. Possible Symptoms Of Feline Viral Respiratory Disease Complex. Possible Symptoms Of Gastritis - Chronic. Possible Symptoms Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Possible Symptoms Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Possible Symptoms Of Lymphocytic-plasmacytic Enterocolitis. Possible Symptoms Of Malabsorption Syndrome.
Frequent vomiting and weight loss in a cat should be taken seriously. Heartworms most often live in the lungs and hearts of cats and are potentially fatal. Symptoms of heartworms include trouble breathing, wheezing, frequent vomiting and rapid weight loss. Treatment for heartworms in cats can be very dangerous and sometimes the vet will recommend letting the cat expel the worms naturally. Symptoms of FIV include rapid weight loss, vomiting, frequent infections, diarrhea and poor coat condition. There are many causes of liver disease in cats, the most common being exposure to toxins. Treatment for liver disease differs depending on the cause, but it can often be treated with medication and a specialized diet. Inflammatory bowel disease is the number one cause of chronic vomiting in cats. Symptoms of IBD are loss of appetite, diarrhea, weight loss, vomiting and lethargy. In the later stages of cancer, it is common for blood to be mixed with the vomit and stools. If cancer is suspected, an ultrasound and blood test will be performed to determine if the cat has it. Because radiation and chemotherapy are too dangerous for a cat, the most effective treatment is usually surgery.
She appears to be eating and drinking, but still is losing weight. Symptoms are eating with weight loss, vomiting, increased thirst and urination, diarrhea, fast heart rate and heart diseases. The symptoms are weight loss, increased urination and thirst, more prone to infections, occasional vomiting and eventually loss of appetite and weakness. Symptoms include weight loss, vomiting, increased urination and thirst, and lack of appetite. Cancer- Cancer is a common condition as well and can cause a varied list of symptoms including weight loss, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy and lack of appetite. Symptoms include diarrhea, weight loss and vomiting. The symptoms include weight loss, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea and sometimes a yellow appearance to the skin called icterus or jaundice. Diagnosis usually starts with bloodwork but final diagnosis of the cause usually requires ultrasound and a biopsy. If your cat has been tested for leukemia and aids and is not any outdoor cat than it is less likely these are the cause of the problem. While she is not showing some of the symptoms for these conditions sometimes the only symptom in the beginning would be weight loss. Abdominal pain and arthritis are some possibilities for that.
Unexplained Weight Loss in Cats and Dogs. In today’s world in which more than 50 percent of dogs and cats are considered overweight or obese, weight loss is often a desirable outcome for our sedentary, overfed pets. A change in diet can sometimes cause weight loss either because the pet finds the food less appealing or because it has fewer calories. A move to a new home, a change in schedule, or greater access to the outdoors can lead to weight loss if a pet becomes more active as a result. Persistent, rapid, or dramatic weight loss (greater than 10 percent of a pet’s body weight), however, can be the sign of a serious condition, such as: Liver disease in dogs and cats. Periodontal disease in dogs and cats. Diabetes in dogs and cats. There are several steps a veterinarian may undertake to discern the origin of the weight loss. When did you first notice the weight loss? What a pet looks and feels like can tell your veterinarian a lot about weight loss. Definitive treatment depends on the underlying cause of the weight loss. Unexplained Weight Loss in Cats and Dogs Microsite.
Onset of symptoms - How suddenly the symptoms appeared is also a good clue to what the cause of the diarrhea may be. If the symptoms appear, go away, and then come back again over several weeks, the diarrhea is considered "intermittent." If the cat is showing signs of illness, a complete blood count and chemistry panel are often recommended. Usually blood tests to check for the presence of feline leukemia virus (Fe LV) to and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) are also recommended. For some diseases, the only way to make an accurate diagnosis is to obtain a biopsy and have it examined microscopically. Because there are so many causes of diarrhea, the treatment will vary (See Table 2. Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Diarrhea in Cats). For some cases of diarrhea, it may be necessary to modify the diet permanently. If parasites are present, the appropriate wormer and/or other medication will be prescribed. The fecal flotation test looks for worm eggs, and if no eggs are being produced, the test could be negative even though worms could be present. For this reason, in some cases, even if the fecal flotation test is negative, a wormer may still be prescribed. Antibiotics are given if the diarrhea is caused by bacteria.
The parasitic coccidial organism Toxoplasma gondii that is found in contaminated water, soil, and other substances, causes toxoplasmosis, which most often affects unborn kittens and cats with compromised immune systems. Although it is uncommon for infection to lead to serious clinical disease, toxoplasmosis can result in damage to the eye. Humans with weak immune systems and unborn fetuses are also at risk for infection. The ocular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems are more commonly affected than the neurological system. The onset of signs can be rapid and severe, especially in cats with respiratory or neurological infections. Toxoplasmosis can be an acute or chronic disease that results from infection by the Toxoplasma gondii organism. Immunosuppressed cats and unborn kittens growing within a recently infected mother cat are at an increased risk of infection. Low grade, chronic tissue cysts usually cause no clinical signs unless the animal becomes immunosuppressed, allowing the organisms to proliferate and cause acute disease. The majority of cats that are infected with Toxoplasma have evidence of inflammation within the eye. There is an increased risk of infection and clinical disease for unborn or immunocompromised animals. Feline leukemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus, feline infectious peritonitis, blood parasites, steroids, and chemotherapy can severely compromise the cat's ability to fight off a toxoplasmosis infection. Sources of tissue cysts and oocysts include undercooked meat, unpasteurized milk, contaminated water sources, soil or sandboxes contaminated with feces, flies, rodents, earthworms, and the litter boxes of infected cats. Flies and cockroaches can be carriers of the Toxoplasma organism and should not be eaten by cats.
List of Cat Diseases and Symptoms. Chart of Cat Diseases, Symptoms, Treatment and Prognosis. The following is a list of diseases and symptoms that affect a feline's metabolic system. Anorexia and weight loss; vomiting and diarrhea; jaundice (seen in the whites of the cat's eyes) Various medications, fluids and a specific diet. May require hospitalization and sedation; fluids and antibiotics. The following is a list of cat diseases and symptoms that are infectious, some of which may be prevented through vaccinations. Normal life span, but may become chronic and require continued treatment. Runny nose and eyes; sneezing and fever; loss of appetite and depression. Hair loss and hair that won't grow back. Treatment varies: IV fluids, antibiotics and Vitamin B. Weight loss and fever; loss of appetite and weakness. Weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, weakness and swollen lymph nodes.
There are some useful charts available that are a helpful guide to know the ideal weight for your pet. Click here to view the ideal bodyweight range for your dog by breed. The easiest way to assess your dog’s ideal weight is to follow a few simple steps: Observe your dog from the side. Weigh your dog at least twice a year (your veterinary clinic will be more than happy for you to use their scales, and we can then record your dog’s weight at the same time) Your veterinary team will be able to advise you on the ideal weight for your dog once the condition score is assessed. Depending on the condition of your pet and the results from any initial diagnostic tests, further treatment and/or tests may be recommended. Your vet will be able to give you more appropriate information and relevant treatment protocols once they have examined your dog and performed the appropriate diagnostic tests. There are many reasons why a dog can lose weight rapidly so it is important that you take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice unexplained weight loss, as some of these conditions may be serious but many can also be treated successfully, especially if detected early. This allows for early detection and treatment of disease processes that may otherwise lead to weight loss and ill health in your dog.
Hyperthyroidism, also known as over active thyroid and hyperthyreosis, is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland .  Thyrotoxicosis is the condition that occurs due to excessive thyroid hormone of any cause and therefore includes hyperthyroidism. Symptoms are typically less in the old and during pregnancy . Radioiodine uptake by the thyroid, thyroid scan , and TSI antibodies may help determine the cause. The resulting hypothyroidism is treated with synthetic thyroid hormone. The thyroid disease, in this condition, is autoimmune in nature and approximately 5% of patients with myasthenia gravis also have hyperthyroidism. Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid) can also cause hyperthyroidism. A radioactive iodine uptake test and thyroid scan together characterizes or enables radiologists and doctors to determine the cause of hyperthyroidism. Thyrostatics (antithyroid drugs) are drugs that inhibit the production of thyroid hormones, such as carbimazole (used in UK) and methimazole (used in US), and propylthiouracil . On occasion, some patients may require more than one radioactive treatment, depending on the type of disease present, the size of the thyroid, and the initial dose administered. The same three treatments used with humans are also options in treating feline hyperthyroidism (surgery, radioiodine treatment, and anti-thyroid drugs).
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What Are the Causes of Weight Gain in Cats? While a cat's weight gain is usually the result of overeating, a medical issue could actually be the cause. Measure out your cat's dry food portion and allow your cat to nibble on it throughout the day; otherwise give him several feedings of canned or dry food each day. Avoid feeding your cat food that's filled with carbohydrates and opt instead for those higher in protein to maintain him at a healthy weight, the Feline Nutrition Awareness Effort advises. According to the International Veterinary Information Service, cats that were encouraged to play for at least 10 minutes per day lost as much weight as a cat placed on a calorie-restricted diet. Environmental enrichment can also help provide your cat with fun ways for him to exercise, such as the addition of a cat condo to climb, cat toys to play with and scratching posts to run his claws over. Your kitty's thyroid gland controls his metabolism through the production of hormones; an impairment of the thyroid gland reduces these hormones, resulting in a slowing of the metabolism and therefore weight gain. Feline hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing's disease can also lead to weight gain due to increase in the production of cortisol by the adrenal glands. Plus, your vet can give you some tips on weight loss if your cat receives a clean bill of health. If your cat is a female over 6 months old that hasn't been spayed, a possible cause of her weight gain is pregnancy. Fluid retention in the stomach due to feline infectious peritonitis or a heart condition can mimic weight gain in cats. No matter what, a visit to the vet is in order to determine the cause for your cat's weight gain or stomach distension. To avoid developing obesity-related problems and illnesses, like diabetes, your cat needs to lose weight but must do so safely. Reduce your cat's current food intake by about 20 percent or switch your cat to a diet cat food.
Here is a list of the most common diseases and ailments in cats and kittens. You can also bring the virus home if you touch and infected cat, or step in an infected cat's excrement or bodily fluid. Fever may be present, and the cat may stop eating and seem depressed. This is a disease that is manifested by sneezing and inflammation of the membranes of the nostrils and the eyes. Your cat can be screened for this disease with the same blood sample taken when testing for Fe LV. The cat may lose its appetite, or eat eagerly and then vomit. The cat also may be off his/her feed and excessively thirsty. Feline acne is quite common in cats and usually appears on the face and chin. This condition is most often seen in the Himalayan and Persian cats. If you have any concerns or questions, have your vet check the cat for this disease.
He's eating very little and has lost a noticeable amount of weight. But then he just licks off the liquid parts and eats only a small amount of the solids. He produces only a small amount of solid stool, and that is very soft. The rest is liquid. He has begun pooping on the rug and on my bed, although he still uses the litter box to pee. I've seen him "in position" on my bed and have shooed him off, only to have him poop on the rug instead. He sleeps with me, and still wakes me up several times during the night to be petted (two or three strokes will do it), purring when I comply. He runs up and down the stairs as usual.
Weight Loss in Dogs and Cats. Recommendedproducts to help with sudden weight loss in dogs and cats. Pets with dental disease. Pets with dental disease often lose weight because eating is painful. Pets with worms lose weight, but for different reasons. Pets with organ disease. Pets with a disease in vital organs, including in the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver and spleen, often lose weight. Pets with cancer. Pets with infectious diseases. These pets lose weight for the same reasons that pets with cancer lose weight: TNF is stimulated. In addition, pets with infectious diseases are often given medications that cause nausea and loss of appetite. Pets with burns. Pets with burns have lost the skin's barrier to infectious bacteria and are often overwhelmed with infections. Aging pets lose weight because they often have nagging pain from arthritic joints and dental infections .
Depending on the reason for your cat’s weight loss, you may notice that your cat’s appetite is reduced or entirely gone, a condition known as anorexia. If you are not sure what your cat’s ideal weight should be, your veterinarian will be able to provide guidance and a suggested feeding regimen to meet your cat’s nutritional needs. Causes of Cat Weight Loss. Cats under psychological stress may go off their food, which can result in weight loss. Although not all cat weight loss is caused by cancer, it is a relatively common culprit. This disease, which may be caused by a failure to produce the hormone insulin or an impaired ability to respond to it, commonly causes weight loss in cats, often with a change in appetite.
Diarrhea & Weight Loss. Diarrhea occurs when your stool is loose and watery. This condition, commonly called the stomach flu, causes diarrhea and weight loss. Children, the elderly and people with suppressed immune systems are susceptible to this condition. Celiac disease, an inherited disorder, occurs when you are sensitive to the wheat and grain component gluten. Symptoms of celiac disease include diarrhea, weight loss, bloating, anemia and vitamin deficiencies. Lactose intolerance is the body's inability to digest the sugar in milk and other dairy products. Diarrhea and weight loss correlate to other symptoms such as malnutrition, floating or foul-smelling stool, abdominal cramps and gas. This condition affects the large intestine and rectum and causes unintentional weight loss and diarrhea. National Library of Medicine says ulcerative colitis starts in the rectal area and enters the large intestine.
Veterinary attention should be sought if your cat is losing weight, so he can identify and treat the cause. What are the causes of weight loss in cats? Acute (sudden) or chronic (slow and progressive) kidney failure - Disease of the kidneys resulting in decreased function, which causes toxins to build up in the cat's body. Glomerulonephritis - A renal disease which is caused by the inflammation. Heartworm - Parasitic worm infection of the heart and lungs. Inflammatory bowel disease - Inflammation of the intestinal tract with inflammatory cells. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination from you and obtain a medical history, including the cat's age and other symptoms you may have noticed. Biochemical profile , complete blood count and urinalysis to evaluate the overall health of your cat and the organs, these tests may reveal infection, kidney function, liver function, anemia, calcium levels, magnesium levels which can all paint an overall picture of your cat's health. Blood tests to detect elevated levels of the hormones T 3 and T 4 are performed. Treatment depends on the cause and should be aimed at addressing the underlying cause (if there is one). Anemia - Finding and treating the underlying cause. Some dental abscesses may require extraction of the tooth. Pancreatitis - Find and treat the underlying cause, if possible. Stress - Finding the cause of stress and reducing it. In addition to treating the above causes of weight loss, your veterinarian will offer your cat supportive care, such as:
In today’s world in which more than 50 percent of dogs and cats are considered overweight or obese, weight loss is often a desirable outcome for our sedentary, overfed pets. A change in diet can sometimes cause weight loss either because the pet finds the food less appealing or because it has fewer calories. A move to a new home, a change in schedule, or greater access to the outdoors can lead to weight loss if a pet becomes more active as a result. Geriatric pets can sometimes lose small amounts of weight as part of the normal aging process. Persistent, rapid, or dramatic weight loss (greater than 10 percent of a pet’s body weight), however, can be the sign of a serious condition, such as: Has the pet’s home life or schedule changed? Has the pet’s diet changed? If changes in diet or activity level don’t seem sufficient explanation for the degree of weight loss (particularly if the pet’s weight loss is greater than 10 percent of her body weight), a veterinary visit is absolutely in order. There are several steps a veterinarian may undertake to discern the origin of the weight loss. When did you first notice the weight loss? What a pet looks and feels like can tell your veterinarian a lot about weight loss. Definitive treatment depends on the underlying cause of the weight loss.
Specific causes of chronic diarrhea and weight loss include infection, inflammatory disease, medication side-effects and sensitivity to certain nutrients such as gluten. High levels of stress can lead to chronic diarrhea and weight loss in some people. Inflammatory bowel disease - Crohn's and ulcerative colitis - is one possible cause of diarrhea and weight loss. Crohn's disease, characterized by abscesses and ulcers in the small intestine, may produce abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite and weight loss. It can also produce severe pain, watery or bloody diarrhea, fever, fatigue and weight loss. Sometimes diarrhea and weight loss result from a specific problem with digesting or absorbing foods. Malabsorption can also lead to chronic diarrhea and weight loss. Certain foods and medications can cause diarrhea and weight loss. Intolerance to specific food items, such as lactose or gluten, can cause diarrhea and, in severe cases, weight loss. If you have chronic diarrhea and weight loss, you need to see your doctor.
Poor appetite and weight loss are general, vague clinical signs, however, and the list of possible illnesses is extensive. The most common metabolic problems that cause weight loss in a senior cat are diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and chronic renal failure (CRF). Most cats present with the classic signs: excessive urination, excessive thirst, very good appetite, and weight loss. “Most diabetics have an elevated blood sugar level, and have sugar in the urine. The results were clear: Danny’s blood sugar was normal, and there was no sugar in his urine. Hyperthyroidism is the most common glandular disorder in cats. Poorly-controlled hyperthyroidism was not the cause of Danny’s weight loss. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is perhaps the most common cause of weight loss in senior cats. Cats with CRF, however, tend to have a poor appetite compared to diabetic cats and cats with hyperthyroidism; the latter often have increased appetite. But Danny’s urine was adequately concentrated, and the level of kidney toxins in his blood stream was in the normal range. CRF was not the cause of Danny’s weight loss. In most cats, physical examination of the GI tract tends to be normal, as was the case with Danny. The most common clinical signs are weight loss and decreased appetite. With no renal failure, no diabetes, and well-controlled hyperthyroidism, the anesthetic risk was minimal.
Many organs are affected by this disease, including the heart. In most cases, changes to the heart can be reversed with treatment. Environmental and dietary risk factors have been investigated and may play a role in predisposing some cats to hyperthyroidism, though the specific mechanisms are not known. The typical cat with hyperthyroidism is middle aged or older; on average; affected cats are about 12 years of age. In some cats, anorexia develops as the disease progresses. Both of these problems may be reversible with appropriate treatment of the disease. Because less than 2% of these cats have cancerous growths of the thyroid gland, treatment is usually very successful. The three treatment options for hyperthyroidism are: Rarely, some cats have reactions to the drug, but that number is fairly small. Therefore, the drug may be necessary for the remainder of the cat’s life. This can change spontaneously over the course of the cat’s life. Recurrence of the disease is a possibility in some cats. However, this occurs less than 5% of the time and usually 2-4 years after surgery. Of all the common disorders that we see in older cats, this is the “good” one to get. Cats can live many, many years with this disease, which is easily managed with one of the above treatment options.
Weight Loss. What is weight loss? Weight loss as a symptom is any loss of weight that you cannot explain, or that you did not plan or work for through increased diet control and exercise. It can also be caused by loss of appetite due to dementia and by certain eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia as well as malnutrition. Some drugs are also known to cause abnormal weight loss. Drug abuse involving excessive use of purgatives and laxatives, heavy street drug use, or smoking is also known to cause abnormal weight loss. Rapid or persistent weight loss is very dangerous and can cause severe damage to multiple organs and should always be investigated as soon as possible. Weight loss - unintentional. The diagnostic spectrum of unintentional weight loss. Investigation and management of unintentional weight loss in older adults.
Weight Loss Treatment for Dogs and Cats. Treating sudden weight loss in pets. The appropriate treatment for your pet's rapid weight loss will depend on what is causing his or her weight loss. Weight loss due to dentition. If your pet's weight loss problem is due to dentition, your pet may need anesthesia and veterinary dental care . Weight loss due to dysgeusia. Weight loss due to diarrhea. Weight loss due to disease. Weight loss due to depression. Weight loss due to dementia. Weight loss due to dysfunction. Weight loss due to medications. Weight loss due to worms. Often, intestinal worms are the reason for "unknown" weight loss in many pets.
Chronic diarrhea is an important sign of intestinal disease in the cat. There are numerous diseases and disorders that can lead to chronic diarrhea. Some of the following tests may be necessary to diagnose the cause of chronic diarrhea: Symptomatic or empirical treatment may be tried in some cases of chronic diarrhea, especially if initial diagnostic tests are inconclusive and the animal is feeling well and relatively stable. Specific therapy of most cases of chronic diarrhea depends upon reaching a definitive diagnosis as to the cause, and then instituting therapy for that cause. Endoscopy can be performed in cats to help determine the cause of chronic diarrhea. Chronic diarrhea in the cat can be frustrating to care for and to resolve. Infectious diseases can cause chronic diarrhea in any age and breed of cat, and include a variety of agents, such as the following: Drugs and toxins are more often associated with acute diarrhea; however chronic diarrhea may occur following the administration of certain antibiotics, heart medications, supplements, etc. Many diseases can cause malabsorption of food stuffs or poor digestion of food stuffs in the intestines, and subsequently chronic diarrhea. Some, if not all, of the following tests may be necessary to diagnose the cause of chronic diarrhea: Serologic tests may be performed for viral and fungal diseases that cause chronic diarrhea. Endoscopic examination and biopsy are often required for diagnosing the cause of chronic diarrhea. Repeated follow-up examinations, fecal tests and blood tests may be needed to bring the chronic diarrhea under control and prevent it from returning.