Is losing weight a sign of breast cancer


Researchers study weight loss to reduce breast cancer


Researchers study weight loss to reduce breast cancer. She had breast cancer, which put her among the 600 South Dakota women who hear that diagnosis each year. Researchers study weight loss to reduce breast cancer SIOUX FALLS, S. Post-menopausal women who have had breast cancer and lose weight through diet and exercise fare better than their overweight counterparts, according to one study. Excess weight increases the risk of recurrence of breast cancer, according to other research. But post-menopausal women who have had breast cancer can lose weight with proper diet. In so doing, she and the other women have sharply cut the risk of the disease returning. She was diagnosed in 2008 with stage 3 breast cancer. It's typical for women to gain weight through that sequence, she said, and she gained 24 pounds. Research shows that excess weight increases the risk of recurrence and death. "All but one of the women in this study were receiving endocrine therapy, making the significant weight loss remarkable," Krie said. Krista Bohlen, research pharmacist for the Avera Institute for Human Genetics, said that in addition to the 24 women recovering from breast cancer, a companion piece of research is following eight women with cancer of the uterus. Colleen Doyle, director of nutrition and physical activity for the American Cancer Society, said weight control has moved to the top of the list of recommendations for reducing cancer risk. Results so far underscore the importance of diet and exercise for breast cancer survivors and hasten what Krie said she hopes will be a willingness of insurance carriers to share the cost.


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Breast Cancer Guide – Weight Loss


The Link Between Unexplained Weight Loss and Breast Cancer. If breast cancer has metastasized to certain parts of the body, unexplained or unintentional weight loss could present as a symptom. While weight loss can occur at stage of a cancer diagnosis, an unexplained weight loss (especially a significant weight loss) can signify that the cancer has reached a very serious stage. If a patient is suffering from breast cancer and unexplained weight loss occurs, it could mean that the cancer has metastasized, meaning that it has spread to other parts of the body. Intentional Weight Loss for Breast Cancer Reduction.


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Breast Cancer Topic : Losing Weight - Down to 130


Feb 14, 2009 07:57 AM mason204 wrote: Feb 14, 2009 09:59 AM Triple Neg wrote: Feb 14, 2009 11:52 AM jerseymaria wrote: Feb 14, 2009 12:19 PM tyra wrote: Feb 14, 2009 02:18 PM Daughter Mom wrote: Feb 14, 2009 08:02 PM luvtotravel wrote: Feb 14, 2009 08:08 PM heatherpalmerton wrote: Feb 15, 2009 11:54 AM ligage wrote: Feb 16, 2009 12:28 AM NYCarol wrote: It is hard to eat when you are not hungry, but the pounds are important so try to go for it.


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Unexplained weight loss - Cancer Chat


I have unexplained weight loss and no other symptomes from 83kg to 74kg in six months for 5.6'. I would like to know if we have unexplained weight loss and we have done an endoscopy, an abdominal CT scan and a blood test and all was ok I would like to know which other test could be done and  if it could be useful to do also a colonoscopy and why? I would like to know if it is true that we can have unexplained weight loss several months before cancer is diagnosed i.e when cancer is at an early state. I would like to know also if an abdominal CT scan can show liver cancer because I have read somewhere that he can show pancreatic cancer but it was not stated in this document that it can show liver cancer. I have unexplained weight loss from 83kg to 74kg in six month for 5.6’. I have loss more weight now I am at 72kg. On Thursday I will have another appointment with the consultant and I will be given the result of this CT scan but if it shows something of serious I think that the hospital would have phoned me. In the report from the consultant it is stated that “his investigation to date have not yielded a clear reason for this loss weight” so I do not know if the H pylori is the cause of my weight loss. I am worried because maybe the tests have shown nothing because I have a serious disease which is at an early stage or immediate stage. I am worried also because I have heard that the liver which deals with fat can work even if part of it work property. The fact that I have not yet found why I lose weight makes me very anxious because it could be due to a serious illness and the quicker I find the reason the more likely it will be that I will be cured. However I have not yet found the reason even though I have started to lose weight in July and as a consequence time is running out. In my previous post I put the greatest number of piece of information about my health because any of them could be the reason of my unexplained weight loss if we take into account that I have not yet found the reason despite numerous tests. Today I have seen the consultant who told me to eat more and he will see me in five weeks time and if I carry on losing weight despite eating more he will investigat this further.  I have checked my weight today and I have lost more weight because now I am at 70.5kg.


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Unexplained Weight Loss


Understanding unexpected weight loss. What are some possible causes of weight loss, what questions might your doctor ask, and what can you expect as you and your doctor seek to determine the cause? What Is Unexplained Weight Loss? Weight loss may occur because you are eating less, or because your body is using nutrients differently due to a change in your metabolism or the growth of a tumor. If you are losing weight without trying it is important to make an appointment to see your doctor, even if you think there is an explanation for your weight loss. Diagnosing Weight Loss That Isn’t Intentional. If you have unintentional weight loss, your doctor will first take a careful history and do a physical exam. How fast have you been losing weight? Have you ever had weight loss like this before? How upsetting is the weight loss to you? Causes of Unexplained Weight Loss. There are many reasons for unexplained weight loss, some serious, and some more of a nuisance. Importance of Unintentional Weight Loss. Unintentional weight loss in older adults . Weight Loss – Unintentional.


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Cancer, Weight Changes, Muscle Loss, Fatigue


Treating and managing these symptoms can help you feel better and allow you to continue with more of your usual activities. These substances can lead to weight loss, muscle loss, and a decrease in appetite. They can also lead to side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and mouth sores, which can affect your ability to eat normally, further contributing to weight and muscle loss. Fatigue is also a factor, since the decreases in exercise and other physical activities that happen when you’re not feeling well can also contribute to muscle loss. How are weight changes and muscle loss treated? These drugs can increase appetite for some people and may help to prevent weight and muscle loss, but they do not build up lost muscle tissue. What can I do to help maintain my weight and build strength? You can also try some upper body exercises while sitting in a chair – moving your arms up and down and front to back can help maintain flexibility. Making a fist and lifting your arms up and down in front of you can increase strength. Note the type of exercises or other physical activities you do and how they affect your mood and energy level. Nutritionists and physical or occupational therapists can advise you on other ways to maintain your weight and build strength as you cope with cancer.


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Breast cancer : MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia


Over the course of a lifetime, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. This may fuel the development of breast cancer. Breast implants, using antiperspirants, and wearing underwire bras do not increase the risk of breast cancer. Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include: Swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit (next to the breast with cancer) However, the importance of self-exams for detecting breast cancer is debatable. CT scan to check if the cancer has spread outside the breast. Mammography to screen for breast cancer or help identify the breast lump. Type and stage of the cancer. For women with stage I, II, or III breast cancer, the main goal is to treat the cancer and prevent it from returning (curing). Even with treatment, breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Some women who have had breast cancer develop a new breast cancer that is not related to the original tumor. This is surgery to remove the breasts before breast cancer is diagnosed. Cancer of the breast.


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Signs and Symptoms of Cancer


Signs and Symptoms of Cancer. How does cancer cause signs and symptoms? The signs and symptoms will depend on where the cancer is, how big it is, and how much it affects the organs or tissues. If a cancer has spread (metastasized), signs or symptoms may appear in different parts of the body. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of cancer. Cancer can also cause the immune system to react in ways that produce these signs and symptoms. If cancer is not the cause, a doctor can help figure out what the cause is and treat it, if needed. What are some general signs and symptoms of cancer? You should know some of the general signs and symptoms of cancer. Along with the general symptoms, you should watch for certain other common signs and symptoms that could suggest cancer. Sores on the penis or vagina may either be signs of infection or an early cancer, and should be seen by a health professional. The signs and symptoms listed above are the more common ones seen with cancer, but there are many others that are not listed here.


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Slideshow : Weight gain shockers - WebMD Boots


But what if you're doing everything the same as you always do and your weight still goes up? Talk to your GP about changing to another drug if you think your antidepressant is causing weight gain. Other drugs that may cause weight gain. 'The Pill' does not typically cause weight gain. Treating hypothyroidism with medication may reverse some of the weight gain. Don't blame the menopause and the loss of oestrogen for your midlife weight gain. But where you gain weight may be related to menopause, with fat accumulating around your waist, not around your hips and thighs. Weight gain is a common symptom of Cushing syndrome, a condition in which you are exposed to too much of the hormone cortisol, which in turn causes weight gain and other abnormalities. The weight gain may be most prominent around the face, neck, upper back or waist. Rule 1: If you do gain weight … Weight gain can be linked to medication. Rule 2: If you do gain weight … Rule 3: If you do gain weight … Rule 4: If you do gain weight … Rule 5: If you do gain weight …


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Losing weight - frannorm's Question - Cancer Support


Hi, I'm Aliza, a Breast Cancer patient and the site's unofficial Medical Librarian. However, I am permitted to speak from my personal experience as a Cancer/Lupus patient and the experiences of friends and family who've had Cancer (we number too many). The weight loss you mention was something that also happened with my late father who had Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (very slow leukemia). To try and put some weight on him, the oncologist prescribed Marinol (synthetic marijuana [legal in NY State {I see you're in Ontario, so I don't know if the real thing is permitted to stimulate appetite}]), but that may be one option, Ensure might be another (be sure that he drinks it very cold and slowly so it doesn't cause stomach distress), try other nutrient rich high calorie foods-macaroni and cheese, and you might consider having a chat with your hospital's nutritionist. I also recommend that you contact Cancer Care (I would imagine they exist in Canada) as they provide tremendous emotional support for Cancer patients and their caretakers.


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Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes


Weight gain can raise your risk for getting high blood pressure , heart disease , and diabetes . Research has also shown that carrying around extra pounds can raise your risk of breast cancer recurring. Weight loss can cause you to lose energy, and poor nutrition can make it harder for you to recover. A diet low in total and saturated fat helps lower your risk of heart disease , and also lowers the risk that your breast cancer will return. Good nutrition can help you with the side effects of chemotherapy , and help fight off infections. Physical activity can often help reduce the side effects of nausea and fatigue . It can also lift your energy levels. Strength training can help rebuild body mass and increase your strength.


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Symptoms of secondary breast cancer - Cancer Information


The symptoms of secondary breast cancer depend on the part of the body the cancer has spread to. In this section we explain the general symptoms, and some of the more specific symptoms you may experience. If the cancer has spread to the brain. If the cancer has spread to the bones Back to top. Secondary breast cancer in the bones | can be controlled with  hormonal therapy | and drugs that strengthen the bones. If the cancer gradually damages the bone it may become weaker and occasionally a very weak bone can break (fracture). Occasionally, if the secondary cancer has spread to the spine and is causing pressure on the spinal cord, this may cause symptoms. If the cancer has spread to the lungs Back to top. If the cancer has spread to the liver Back to top. If the cancer has spread to the brain Back to top. These symptoms are caused by increased pressure in the brain and may be worse first thing in the morning. This will get rid of the headaches and improve other symptoms.


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Obesity and Cancer Risk - National Cancer Institute


Obesity and Cancer Risk. What is known about the relationship between obesity and cancer? What is known about the relationship between obesity and breast cancer? The relationship between obesity and breast cancer risk may also vary by race and ethnicity. What is known about the relationship between obesity and endometrial cancer? Overweight and obesity have been consistently associated with endometrial cancer, which is cancer of the lining of the uterus. What is known about the relationship between obesity and colorectal cancer? What is known about the relationship between obesity and kidney cancer? What is known about the relationship between obesity and esophageal cancer? What is known about the relationship between obesity and pancreatic cancer? What is known about the relationship between obesity and thyroid cancer? What is known about the relationship between obesity and gallbladder cancer? The relationship between obesity and prostate cancer has been studied extensively.


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Rapid Weight Loss and Cancer


Rapid Weight Loss & Cancer. Rapid weight loss may be a sign of cancer. One of the first signs of cancer is rapid weight loss. Cancer cells rob your body of nutrients, causing weight loss, poor nutrition and a general decline in health. Depending on the type of cancer, the warning signs may vary. Causes of Rapid Weight Loss. Your doctor can evaluate your weight loss and find the cause and recommend the proper treatment.


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Exercise for weight loss may lower inflammation, breast


For postmenopausal women who are overweight, it makes sense that losing weight could reduce their risk of breast cancer because being overweight or obese increases the risk. Now a new study suggests that for overweight women working to lose weight, weight loss fueled primarily by exercise - along with cutting calories - may add extra benefit in lowering the risk of this cancer. All the women were healthy, but overweight and inactive at the start of the study. They randomly split the postmenopausal women into either a diet or exercise weight-loss group. The 97 women placed in the diet group were asked to cut 3,500 calories a week from their normal intake. About the same amount of women, the exercisers, followed an intense exercise program that burned about 2,500 calories a week. The remaining women in the study stuck to the standardized diet and activity habits. Both the dieters and exercisers had lower leptin levels compared to the control group.


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Weight Loss : Check Your Symptoms and Signs


What are the statistics for bile duct cancer? What is the treatment for bone cancer? What is the prognosis for bone cancer? What are the causes of colon cancer? What are the symptoms of colon cancer? What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer? What are the signs and symptoms of COPD? What are the risk factors for diabetes? What are the causes or risk factors for esophageal cancer? What are the symptoms and signs of esophageal cancer? What are the stages of esophageal cancer? What are the treatment for esophageal cancer? What are the symptoms of a stroke? What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?


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Does body weight affect cancer risk


Does body weight affect cancer risk? What does the American Cancer Society recommend about body weight? These factors are all related and may all contribute to cancer risk, but body weight seems to have the strongest evidence linking it to cancer. But the links between body weight and cancer are complex and are not yet fully understood. For example, while studies have found that excess weight is linked with an increased risk of breast cancer in women after menopause, it does not seem to increase the risk of breast cancer before menopause. The timing of weight gain might also affect cancer risk. Clearly, more research is needed to better define the links between body weight and cancer. How might body weight affect cancer risk? Excess body weight may affect cancer risk through a number of mechanisms, some of which might be specific to certain cancer types. Does losing weight reduce cancer risk? Research on how losing weight might lower the risk of developing cancer is limited. Still, there’s growing evidence that weight loss might reduce the risk of breast cancer (after menopause), more aggressive forms of prostate cancer, and possibly other cancers, too.


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Losing A Little Weight Lowers Breast Cancer


One in eight women will get breast cancer in her lifetime, a risk that increases with age and weight. After a year, women who had only dieted lost about 5% of their body weight (that’s 9 pounds if you weigh 180) and reduced their estradiol levels by about 30%, which translates into a 22% lower risk of breast cancer . Women who had dieted and exercised lost more than 10% of their body weight, reducing their cancer-associated hormones to a level that could drop their risk by a whopping 50%. “Women can make simple lifestyle changes to reduce calories, increase physical activity, and lose about 1-2 pounds a week.”


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Cancer Treatment - Weight Gain - Cancer Center


Cancer Treatment - Weight Gain. Some patients lose weight from nausea and loss of appetite. Some may even gain weight! This is particularly true for patients with cancer of the breast , prostate , and ovary who are taking certain medications or who are on hormone treatments or chemotherapy. The weight comes from the extra water. If this is the case, your doctor may ask you to talk with a registered dietician for guidelines on limiting the amount of salt you eat. Weight gain may also be the result of increased appetite and eating extra food and calories. If this is the case and you want to stop gaining weight, here are some tips that can help.


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Cancer and Weight Loss as a Symptom


Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of many conditions - cancer included. Weight Loss and Cancer. Unintentional weight loss can be a symptom of cancer , though vague and non-specific. When To See Your Doctor About Weight Loss. Generally, you should see your doctor if you have lost 5 percent of your body weight within six months or less and have done so without modifying your diet or exercising. Your doctor may ask you several questions to help identify why you are losing weight. Your doctor will want to know the basics like when you first started to lose weight and how much you have lost. Remember, Weight Loss Doesn't Mean You Have Cancer. You may also get a better understanding of what your symptoms, like weight loss , may mean by using the About.com Symptom Checker , an interactive health education tool.


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Exercise, weight control reduce risk of breast cancer


Exercise, weight control reduce risk of breast cancer. Exercise, weight control reduce risk of breast cancer Genes play a role in breast cancer risk for some women; lifestyle changes cut risk for many others. "The greatest benefits for breast cancer reduction come from weight control and physical activity together," she says. It may seem obvious, but being a woman is the main risk factor for developing breast cancer, the cancer society says. Women (12%) will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime, the cancer society says. The most common cause of hereditary breast cancer is an inherited mutation in the BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes, the cancer society says. But breast cancer that isn't linked to genes appears to be connected to lifestyle and environment, she says. Her studies show that weight loss and exercising regularly combined have the most impact on improving the biomarkers, including estrogen and insulin, for breast cancer risk. The greatest benefits for breast cancer reduction come from weight control and physical activity together, says cancer researcher Anne Mc Tiernan. Heavy people tend to develop "insulin resistance, a condition where the body can't use the insulin you have, so you keep making more and more, and the excess insulin is associated with increased breast cancer risk," she says. Researchers are currently studying how much weight loss is needed and how long you have to keep the weight off to lower breast cancer risk, Patel says. There are more than 2.9 million breast cancer survivors in the USA, the American Cancer Society says. Plus, women tend to become less active and gain weight over the course of chemotherapy and radiation treatment for breast cancer, and that compounds their problems, she says. In the meantime, she says, "many breast cancer survivors are looking for a way to take the reins of control back and be in charge of their health again.


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Weight Changes - Breast Cancer Information and Awareness


While it's more common for people to gain weight during and after treatment, some people lose weight. Managing weight changes. Managing weight gain. Visit the Breastcancer.org Eating to Lose Weight After Treatment pages in the Nutrition section for more tips. Managing weight loss. Visit the Breastcancer.org Eating to Maintain or Gain Weight After Treatment pages in the Nutrition section for more tips.


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Key signs and symptoms of cancer - Cancer Research UK


Go and see your doctor if you notice a change which isn’t normal for you or doesn’t go away on its own. The symptoms below are more likely to be caused by something much less serious than cancer, but they could be a sign of the disease. Anyone can develop cancer, but it’s more common as we get older – most cases are in people aged 50 or over. Loose, frequent bowel motions are usually caused by stomach bugs or food poisoning, but if you have noticed a change to looser poo or pooing more often that has lasted 4-6 weeks or more, then it’s important to tell your doctor. But an ulcer that doesn’t heal after 3 weeks should be reported to your doctor or dentist. But very heavy, drenching night sweats can also be a sign of cancer and should be checked out by your doctor. These symptoms can all be caused by conditions other than cancer, but it’s important to tell your doctor if you experience any of them. But if you have unexplained, ongoing pain, or pain that comes and goes for more than 4 weeks, make an appointment to see your doctor.


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7 Warning Signs of Cancer You May Miss


We all know the important warning signs of cancer: a breast or testicle lump, unusual bleeding, and a change in a skin mole. But there are some lesser-known, more subtle signs that are frequently the earliest clues of cancer. Having a bloated or distended abdomen can be an early and sometimes the only warning sign of ovarian cancer. Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the US, striking more than 150,000 and killing more than 50,000 every year. But it can also signal cancer of the pancreas or stomach. A feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen after a small meal is one of the more common signs of stomach cancer. (Lung cancer now heads the list of deadliest cancers in both men and women.) And, as mentioned above, needing to urinate frequently or feeling you have to go right away can also be subtle signs of ovarian cancer. While a lump is the most common sign of breast cancer, there are other more subtle signs to look out for. Skin irritation, dimpling, itching, or scaliness; thickening of the nipple or breast skin; and nipple discharge other than milk can be other warning signs of IBC and other types of breast cancer. About 2000 men in the US were diagnosed with breast cancer last year, and about 450 died from it. Unexplained weight loss is particularly common in cancer of the stomach, pancreas, lung, and occasionally kidney cancer. A hoarse voice can also signal esophageal, stomach, and thyroid cancer. More than 56,000 people in the US are estimated to be diagnosed with the killer skin cancer this year, and more than 8,000 will die from it.


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Losing weight safely after breast cancer treatment


Losing weight safely after breast cancer treatment. Many people put on weight during or after treatment for breast cancer. We look at the best way to lose weight safely and hopefully for good. If you’ve had breast cancer treatment and gained a few pounds there could be several reasons for this. But there’s a good reason to maintain a healthy weight besides the way you look. Lose weight for good. ‘Often they’re not based on scientific evidence’ says Lucy ‘and you’re more likely to keep the weight off if you lose it slowly and steadily. ‘Try to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day. You could try a brisk walk or Breast Cancer Care’s health and fitness DVD which includes an exercise class suitable for anyone after treatment. Eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables a day. After finishing treatment including surgery and chemotherapy she decided it was time for her to lose weight. ‘For me losing weight was about getting control of my life back after breast cancer’ says Margaret who joined a local slimming club. ‘I eat lots of fruit vegetables salads and low-fat foods’ she says. ‘If you want to lose weight you’ve got to do it for yourself not because someone tells you that you should’ she says. Join us for a 5, 10 or 20 mile walk and help us be there for women with breast cancer from day one.


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Many people are unaware of the warning


In October 2008, CRUK commissioned the British Market Research Bureau to carry out a survey that asked nearly 4,000 people whether or not they could “name any sign or symptoms that could be an indication of cancer”. The news sources are responding to the results of this survey, which were published today by Cancer Research UK. Cancer Research UK gives the results of the survey on its website. Overall, of the nearly 4,000 people questioned, 19% of men and 10% of women could not name a single symptom that might be a sign of cancer. What are the common signs and symptoms of cancer? NHS Choices and Cancer Research UK both aim to provide simple, reliable information on the possible signs and symptoms of cancer. What are the benefits knowing the signs of cancer? It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of cancer because early diagnosis of the disease greatly improves the chances of treating it successfully. Treatment options for cancer are improving all the time, and the number of people who die from their disease is falling overall. Press coverage on this survey will increase knowledge of some of the early warning signs of cancer, and the research could help cancer awareness strategies through initiatives such as The National Awareness and Early Diagnosis Initiative (NAEDI). NAEDI is a collaboration between Cancer Research UK and the NHS, and it is likely that this recent press release is connected to the National Cancer Awareness Survey, which has been developed as part of NAEDI.


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Is true that that early sign of breast cancer is losing


If you are anxious it is breast cancer, you can do Breast Self-Exam firstly: Examine your right breast with your left hand. After you have completely examined your right breast, examine your left breast using the same method with your right hand. You should also check your breasts in a mirror, looking for any change in size or contour, dimpling of the skin, or spontaneous nipple discharge. You can only upload files of type PNG, JPG, or JPEG. You can only upload files of type 3 GP, 3 GPP, MP 4, MOV, AVI, MPG, MPEG, or RM. You can only upload photos smaller than 5 MB. You can only upload videos smaller than 600 MB. You can only upload a photo (png, jpg, jpeg) or a video (3gp, 3gpp, mp4, mov, avi, mpg, mpeg, rm). You can only upload a photo or a video.


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Breast cancer and weight changes


Breast cancer and weight changes. What causes weight gain with breast cancer? However the weight gain brought on by chemotherapy involves only fat. Some research suggests that weight gain is also related to lack of exercise. Do other breast cancer medications cause weight gain? Women taking steroid medications during cancer treatment may also experience weight gain. That loss of muscle makes weight gain more apparent. Hormone therapy is another treatment that can cause weight gain. Some women taking tamoxifen find that they gain weight. Can breast cancer treatment cause weight loss?


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Colon Cancer and Unexplained Weight Loss


Many of us wouldn't want to question unexplained weight loss. We'd just be happy to be losing weight! Though the prospect of losing weight without even trying may seem like a blessing, it really is something to question. Reasons for Unintentional Weight Loss. Possible causes of unintentional weight loss include depression, frequent diarrhea, hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), infection, poor nutrition, AIDS, and cancer. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders, and smoking. Unexplained Weight Loss and Colon Cancer. You're unlikely to notice the diversion of blood and nutrients, but sometimes tumors release chemicals that increase the body's metabolism (such as burn calories faster), which can lead to unexplained weight loss. Medical Attention for Unexplained Weight Loss. (That would be about 10 pounds for a 200-pound person.) You should also call your doctor if you experience unexplained weight loss in conjunction with other potential colon cancer symptoms . "Colon Cancer: Signs and Symptoms." Mayo Clinic 17 Aug. "Signs and Symptoms of Cancer." American Cancer Society 28 Feb. "Weight Loss - Unintentional." National Institutes of Health 22 Jan. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders , and smoking.


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Overweight, Obesity, and Breast Cancer - Susan G. Komen


Body weight and breast cancer risk before menopause. Women who are overweight or obese before menopause have a 20 to 40 percent lower risk of breast cancer than those who are lean [ 12,54-56 ]. Body weight and breast cancer risk after menopause. Women who are overweight or obese after menopause have a 30 to 60 percent higher breast cancer risk than those who are lean [ 54-56 ]. How can body weight affect breast cancer risk after menopause? Women with higher estrogen levels have an increased risk of breast cancer compared to women with lower estrogen levels [ 18 ]. Learn more about estrogen and breast cancer risk . Weight gain and breast cancer risk. Gaining weight in adulthood appears to increase the risk of breast cancer before and after menopause [ 65-68 ]. The weight a woman gains after menopause also appears to increase their risk of breast cancer [ 65,69 ]. Weight loss and breast cancer risk. Losing weight after menopause may help lower risk of breast cancer [ 65 ]. Weight loss in adulthood and breast cancer risk before menopause is under study [ 71 ]. Body shape and breast cancer risk. Body weight and breast cancer survival.


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Weight Gain


Although people more commonly lose weight during cancer treatment, some people gain weight. However, significant weight gain may affect a person's health and ability to undergo treatment. Weight gain is an especially important health issue for women with breast cancer because more than half experience weight gain during treatment. Reports have shown that weight gain during treatment is linked to a poorer prognosis, which is the chance of recovery. The following cancer treatments may lead to weight gain: Some chemotherapy causes the body to hold on to excess fluid in cells and tissues, which is called edema . It may also cause menopause in some women, which decreases their metabolism, increasing the likelihood of weight gain. Steroids may also cause the loss of both weight and muscle mass, which is called wasting. Hormonal therapy for the treatment of breast, uterine, prostate, and testicular cancers involves medications that decrease the amount of estrogen or progesterone in women and testosterone in men. They can help find out the possible cause of the weight gain and the best way to manage it. Consider the following ways to address weight gain through diet and physical activity:


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Weight Gain Prior to Diagnosis and Survival from Breast Cancer


Background: To examine the effects of prediagnostic obesity and weight gain throughout the life course on survival after a breast cancer diagnosis, we conducted a follow-up study among a population-based sample of women diagnosed with first, primary invasive, and in situ breast cancer between 1996 and 1997 (n = 1,508). Women diagnosed with postmenopausal breast cancer who gained more than 12.7 kg after age of 50 years up to the year before diagnosis had a 2- to 3-fold increased risk of death due to all-causes (HR, 2.69; 95% CI, 1.63-4.43) and breast cancer (HR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.36-6.43). We investigated the effects of prediagnostic adult weight and weight change on mortality among women with breast cancer who participated in the population-based Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP). Because there were very few cases considered to be underweight (BMI 12.7 kg after the age of 50 years had an increased risk of breast cancer death (HR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.36-6.43) after adjustment for age at diagnosis, history of hypertension, and weight at age 50 years. However, there was an observed increased risk of overall and breast cancer death among postmenopausal women when comparing weight gain > 5 kg between the ages of 40 and 50 years to those who did not gain weight (overall death HR, 2.69; 95% CI, 1.25-5.79; breast cancer death HR, 2.73; 95% CI, 0.89-8.43). In this population-based study of 1,508 with incident breast cancer with a median of 5.84 years of follow-up, we found that BMI at diagnosis and adult weight gain before diagnosis were associated with increased breast cancer–specific and overall mortality among both women who were premenopausal and postmenopausal at the time of diagnosis. Among women with a postmenopausal breast cancer diagnosis, we also found that high levels of weight gain during the perimenopausal and postmenopausal years were strongly associated with decreased survival after a breast cancer diagnosis. We found that a high BMI and body weight at the time of diagnosis was associated with over a 2-fold increase in mortality among women who were premenopausal at the time of breast cancer diagnosis. Our results are similar to those found in two previous studies that have observed a stronger association between mortality and obesity among women who were premenopausal at the time of their breast cancer diagnosis than those who were postmenopausal ( 8 , 25 ). Our results for prediagnostic weight and weight gain over the adult life course are compatible to another study that also investigated adult weight gain on breast cancer survival. The 2-fold increase in the HR for breast cancer mortality among postmenopausal women seen in our analysis for weight gain in the years leading up to menopause, from age 40 to 50 years, is consistent with this hypothesis.


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Weight Loss


Weight loss is common among people with cancer and is often the first noticeable sign of the disease. As many as 40% of people with cancer report unexplained weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and up to 80% of people with advanced cancer experience weight loss and cachexia, or wasting, which is the combination of weight loss and muscle mass loss. Weight loss and muscle wasting also often come with fatigue , weakness, loss of energy, and an inability to perform everyday tasks. Controlling cancer-related weight loss is important for your comfort and well-being. Consider asking your doctor about receiving food through a tube that goes directly to the stomach, which may help people with head and neck or esophageal cancers who are having difficulty chewing or difficulty swallowing . Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progesterone hormone that can improve appetite, weight gain, and a person's sense of well-being. Steroid medications can increase appetite, improve a person's sense of well-being, and help with nausea, weakness, or pain. Other medications are being studied to help people with cancer improve their appetite and gain weight. Nutrition counseling may help people with cancer get essential nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals into their diet and maintain a healthy body weight. You can also find a dietitian through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. These details can help you work with your health care team to find the best way to maintain your weight, or gain needed weight, during cancer treatment.


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Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes


Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes. Your weight might change when you get treated for breast cancer . What Might Cause Me to Gain Weight? Menopause also causes you to gain more body fat and lose lean muscle. Another reason for weight gain is the use of corticosteroids. They can make you lose muscle mass in your arms and legs, and gain belly fat, too. Women treated with steroids may also put on pounds, but the weight gain is usually seen only after weeks of continuous use. Some research suggests that weight gain is also related to lack of exercise . When you get your cancer treatment , it’s common to feel stress and have some fatigue , nausea , or pain. Weight gain may also be related to intense food cravings . Do Other Breast Cancer Medications Cause Weight Gain? Many women taking tamoxifen have felt the drug was responsible for their weight gain.


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Symptoms and Signs - National Breast


Every person should know the symptoms and signs of breast cancer, and any time an abnormality is discovered, it should be investigated by a healthcare professional. Most people who have breast cancer symptoms and signs will initially notice only one or two, and the presence of these symptoms and signs do not automatically mean that you have breast cancer. A change in how the breast or nipple feels. A change in the breast or nipple appearance. Any unexplained change in the size or shape of the breast. Unexplained swelling of the breast (especially if on one side only) Unexplained shrinkage of the breast (especially if on one side only) If you have any of these symptoms, you should tell your healthcare provider so that the problem can be diagnosed and treated . Your doctor can check for breast cancer before you have any noticeable symptoms.


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Unintentional Weight Loss : Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Unintentional weight loss is when you lose weight without dieting or increasing physical activity. What Causes Unintentional Weight Loss? Unintentional weight loss is often the result of an underlying chronic medical condition. What Are the Symptoms of Unintentional Weight Loss? Certain medications can cause unintentional weight loss as a side effect. How Is Unintentional Weight Loss Diagnosed? Note when the weight loss started. Also, make a note of any other symptoms you experienced around the time of the weight loss. Unintentional weight loss is a symptom of several conditions. What Are the Treatment Options for Unintentional Weight Loss? Your doctor will likely prescribe medication if a hormonal disorder is causing the unintentional weight loss. If your doctor suspects that your unintentional weight loss may be due to a more serious illness, such as cancer, you may undergo some tests to get more information.


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Being Overweight - Breast Cancer Information and Awareness


Losing weight can be harder as you get older, but it can be done with careful changes to your diet and regular exercise. The first thing to do is to talk to your doctor about a healthy weight for you based on your age, height, body type, and activity level. Next, talk to your doctor about a safe and sensible plan to lose weight designed specifically for you and your needs. Many people believe that if you eat fewer calories than you burn each day, you’ll lose weight, and if you eat the same number of calories that you’ll burn, you’ll maintain a healthy weight. Sometimes success can depend on how you think about losing weight: learn the steps that give you the biggest bang for your buck and reframe your feelings and attitudes about hurdles in your path. You can turn progress into failure with a common misconception: eating and exercise are equally important for weight loss. In fact, 80% of weight loss is what you eat and drink. Once you have the OK from your doctor and a weight goal, you can create a healthy eating plan that meets your nutritional needs. Here are some tips to make your diet nutritious and help you lose weight: It can curb your appetite and keep you from over-ordering. Ask for sauces, dressings, butter, and sour cream on the side so you can control how much you use.


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