Does chemotherapy cause weight loss


Weight Changes - Managing Side Effects


However, significant chemotheraphy weight loss or weight gain may affect your health and/or your ability to tolerate your treatments. Some chemotherapy weight gain is caused by fluid retention in your body. What are some symptoms of weight gain and chemo to look for? Often you will be aware of weight gain just by the way you feel or the way your clothing fits. Try to maintain your normal weight, if you are not overweight. Drugs or recommendations that may be prescribed by your health care provider for chemo weight gain: If your weight gain appears to be from an increased appetite, your health care provider may recommend that you see a registered dietician who can help you with a diet plan that is tailored to your situation. If you have fluid retention, your doctor may recommend a diuretic. When to call your doctor or health care provider about weight gain and chemo: What are some symptoms of chemo weight loss to look for? If you have lost 5 or more pounds in a week, you should notify your doctor or health care provider about your chemo weight loss. Things you can do to manage chemo weight loss: Try to maintain your normal weight. Treating your chemo weight loss depends upon treating the underlying cause. Drugs or recommendations your doctor or health care provider may prescribe for weight loss after chemo: 


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Does Chemotherapy Always Cause Hair Loss


Does Chemotherapy Always Cause Hair Loss? Question: I may have to have chemotherapy. Answer: Hair loss is not certain with chemotherapy . Chemotherapy drugs are used to treat cancer, bone marrow diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Chemotherapy drugs attack rapidly growing cancer cells. Some newer chemotherapy drugs may cause fewer side effects. Hair loss from chemotherapy is not confined to your head. In most cases, hair loss from chemotherapy is temporary. Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles. Different chemotherapy drugs may be given simultaneously or in sequence. Hair loss is just one possible side effects of chemotherapy. In adjuvant therapy, chemotherapy is used to attack hidden cancer cells after other treatments such as surgery. [In our next column, I will provide information about how to combat the many side effects of chemotherapy.]


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Side effects of chemotherapy - Canadian Cancer Society


Different cells and tissues in the body tolerate chemotherapy differently. However, some side effects may continue after treatment is over because it takes time for healthy cells to recover from the effects of chemotherapy drugs. Bone marrow suppression is the most common and most serious side effect of chemotherapy. Nausea and vomiting can occur within the first few hours after chemotherapy drugs are given and usually last about 24 hours. Some chemotherapy drugs can affect taste buds, changing the brain’s perception of how food tastes and causing changes in taste . It can take months for both the sense of smell and the sense of taste to return to normal after chemotherapy ends. Some chemotherapy drugs can cause painful side effects, such as aching in the muscles and joints, headaches and stomach pains. Some chemotherapy drugs can irritate the lining of the bladder (called cystitis ) and cause inflammation or bleeding. In some cases, chemotherapy drugs that escape from the vein can cause severe damage to the skin and surrounding soft tissue. Certain chemotherapy drugs can damage the cells of some organs in the body.


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Nutrition in Cancer Care


PCM in cancer results from multiple factors most often associated with anorexia, cachexia, and the early satiety sensation frequently experienced by individuals with cancer. Anorexia, the loss of appetite or desire to eat, is typically present in 15% to 25% of all cancer patients at diagnosis and may also occur as a side effect of treatments. Cachexia is estimated to be the immediate cause of death in 20% to 40% of cancer patients; it can develop in individuals who appear to be eating adequate calories and protein but have primary cachexia whereby tumor-related factors prevent maintenance of fat and muscle. The etiology of cancer cachexia is not entirely understood. Anorexia, cachexia, and nutrition. American Cancer Society: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Vigano A, Watanabe S, Bruera E: Anorexia and cachexia in advanced cancer patients. Shils ME: Nutrition and diet in cancer management. Ottery FD: Cancer cachexia: prevention, early diagnosis, and management. Zeman FJ: Nutrition and cancer. Also known as cachexia, this condition is one of advanced protein-calorie malnutrition and is characterized by involuntary weight loss, muscle wasting, and decreased quality of life.[ 1 , 2 ] Tumor-induced weight loss occurs frequently in patients with solid tumors of the lung, pancreas, and upper gastrointestinal tract and less often in patients with breast cancer or lower gastrointestinal cancer. Although an individual’s nutritional status may be compromised initially by the diagnosis of cancer, thorough nutritional screening procedures and the timely implementation of nutritional therapies may markedly improve the patient’s outcome. Several approaches to the treatment of cancer cachexia have been reported, and a variety of agents have been studied for their effects on appetite and weight. Table 1 lists several medications that have been proposed to treat the symptoms of cancer cachexia.[ 13 ] However, the management of cachexia remains a complex challenge, and integrated multimodal treatment targeting the different factors involved has been proposed.


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What causes weight gain during chemo


Question from Suze: Does chemotherapy actually cause weight gain or is weight gain during chemo caused by something else? If you were premenopausal, the chemotherapy may have put you into menopause and menopause is associated with a decrease in estrogen levels, which is also associated with changes in bone density and lean mass, which could be associated with some of the weight gain. If you were postmenopausal prior to chemotherapy, then the chemotherapy could have had indirect effects with your feeling fatigued, such as nausea or depression or anxiety that would have changed certain behaviors such as diet and physical activity. That may be what's causing the weight gain. Sometimes the weight gain is related to that kind of change in food choices. I wouldn't say that chemo causes weight gain itself unless it's delivered with steroid medicines and then you could say there was a direct link. Chemotherapy causes weight gain indirectly through some of these factors that we just discussed, such as fatigue. On Wednesday, April 18, 2007, the Ask-the-Expert Online Conference was called Weight Management During and After Breast Cancer Treatment. Answered your questions on managing weight during and after breast cancer treatment.


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Losing Weight While Undergoing Chemo


Chemotherapy drugs are one of the most common treatments for cancer, but they are not without side effects. Patients often experience weight loss while battling cancer and undergoing chemotherapy. Extreme weight loss may complicate the recovery process, although healthcare professionals continue to discover ways to lessen the undesirable effects of cancer treatment. Chemotherapy, also known as chemo, is a modern form of cancer treatment that uses potent drugs to attack cancer throughout the body. Side Effects of Chemotherapy. The powerful drugs used in chemotherapy cause a wide variety of side effects. Sometimes these side effects are severe, but the benefits of slowing the cancer clearly outweigh the risks. Nausea and vomiting are the most feared side effects of chemo, and indirectly contribute to weight loss in people undergoing treatment.


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Managing Your Loss of Appetite : Chemotherapy and Prostate


When you have chemotherapy (key-mo-ther-a-pee) to control your prostate cancer, you may have side effects or unwanted changes in your body. Things you can do to manage your loss of appetite. When you have treatment for your prostate cancer, you may be told to eat higher calorie (the amount of energy a food gives to your body when you eat it) foods that are high in protein. When you go through prostate cancer treatment you are told to eat in a way that helps build up your strength and helps you get through the side effects of your prostate cancer and its treatment. Make you lose your appetite. There are also medicines your doctor can give you that can help you if your loss of appetite is really bad. This may help your appetite if foods you like do not taste good. Why you may need to eat differently during your chemotherapy. Things you can do to help manage your loss of appetite. This knowledge will help you take better care of yourself and feel more in control so that you can get the most from your treatment. Calorie: the amount of energy a food gives to your body when you eat it.


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Side effects


Your doctor, who knows the most about your specific type and stage of cancer, can guide you in making a decision about whether a clinical trial is right for you. These professionals can help you cope with the challenges of a cancer diagnosis and guide you to resources. We can work with you one-on-one to develop strategies for coping with treatment and its side effects. Oncology social workers can also help you communicate with your doctor and other members of your medical care team about the health care issues that are important to you. Your doctor will decide which drugs to prescribe based on the type of chemotherapy you are getting and how much nausea and vomiting might be expected. It is vital that you have a clear understanding of the order in which you take your medications—both chemotherapy (whether intravenously or by mouth) and anti-nausea drugs— as well as the times at which you take them. If you are taking the medications as directed and you continue to have CINV, contact your doctor right away. In addition to medical treatments for nausea and vomiting, there are things you can do to ease symptoms. If you are experiencing fatigue, you should know that this is a symptom for which you can and should seek help. But before they start and while they are present, it’s important that you work closely with your health care team to manage this side effect of cancer treatment. He or she can make sure that your mouth is as healthy as possible before you begin treatment and can provide important information to the rest of your health care team. Before you begin any of these treatments, talk with your doctor about the best ones for you. He or she may want to adjust some of your medicines or chemotherapy and may want to see if there is another reason for the problem that can be treated. In general, if the diarrhea is bad enough for you to need a medicine, including an over-thecounter one, you should discuss the diarrhea and its treatment with your doctor or nurse. You and your doctor have to weigh the risks and benefits of your treatment.


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Why does cancer cause weight loss


The obvious answer is you're so damn sick and vomiting that you can't keep weight on - I get that. My doctor asked about the whole weight loss and didn't find it surprising that I lost weight when I made the diet changes. So again - what is it about CANCER that sometimes causes weight loss (other than the puking your food up bit)? But your weight loss seems to be due to nutritional changes/chemo,etc so I hope you are asking just for scientific curiosity? This paper reminds me of when I was working in ICU and one of the main markers for cancer cachexia (as opposed to just being thin) was the universal expression of temporal muscle wasting. And Belle, I believe you are just seeing the pay-off for all the hard work on your diet, dear. My degree and work is in the nutrition/dietetics field, and this one i can answer although my feeling is that your weight loss is not metabolic. There are several things that come into play for cancer patients as we all know, the biggest one being loss of appetite from chemo or just the stress or depression that can accompany cancer. I have worked with cachexia and it is much different than your garden variety weight loss.i didnt read the posted link, but there are some meds that can be tried for it, but often have some pretty severe side effects of their own. When weight loss is truly caused by the cancer itself and not just weight loss, it is for metabolic reasons and because tumors are their own life form, They require a blood supply and energy to grow, and they also release their own waste products. You're unlikely to notice the diversion of blood and nutrients, but sometimes tumors release chemicals that increase the body's metabolism (such as burn calories faster), which can lead to unexplained weight loss. Often times families will see their loved one losing weight fast and wasting away from cachexia and they will beg us for TPN or tube feeding, but what they dont realize is that these things in themselves loaded with nutrients often just serve to feed the tumor as well.


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Do patients with weight loss have a worse


Do patients with weight loss have a worse outcome when undergoing chemotherapy for lung cancers? In patients with lung cancer and mesothelioma, weight loss is common at presentation and a frequent cause of patient concern. An alternative explanation is that weight loss is associated with reduced tolerance of chemotherapy, increased toxicity and the administration of less chemotherapy overall. The Lung Unit of the Royal Marsden Hospital (RMH) has been treating patients with NSCLC, SCLC and mesothelioma with chemotherapy over many years. This study aimed to assess whether weight loss at presentation had an influence on the toxicity patients suffered from during chemotherapy, and on whether weight loss altered the amount of chemotherapy delivered. This study reviewed data that had been recorded prospectively on the RMH lung unit research database between 1994 and March 2001 for patients with SCLC, stage III or IV NSCLC, or mesothelioma and treated with chemotherapy. Patients were excluded if their weight loss status at presentation was unknown or the patient did not receive a standard chemotherapy regimen within 2 months of presentation. Patients who stated they had lost weight at the time of presentation were compared to those who denied weight loss. Weight loss at presentation was established and recorded by direct questioning of the patient during a preliminary assessment by the doctor at their first attendance at the RMH. Patients who reported weight loss were asked whether they knew their weight prior to the illness; by comparison with measured weight the extent of weight loss was estimated (less than or greater than 10% of preillness weight). Patients were weighed on each attendance for chemotherapy and at the outpatient clinic. Response rates were compared between the patients with weight loss at presentation and those without by means of Fisher's exact test. This study included 780 patients treated by the RMH lung unit between 1994 and March 2001: 290 with SCLC, 418 NSCLC, and 72 with mesothelioma, with a median age of 63 years (range 27–85 years).


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Symptoms and Side - Effects - Johns Hopkins Pathology


Also, tumors of the pancreas often interfere with digestion which furthur contributes to weight loss. The anti-cancer drugs given during chemotherapy affect normal cells as well as cancer cells. When normal blood cells are affected, the blood cells may not clot well which may cause the patient to bleed easily. Infection caused by obstruction of the bile ducts and/or biological therapy (vaccines). Removal of part of the pancreas with the cancer may cure the diabetes. Surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy are all a strain on the body and often cause fatigue. Obstruction of bile ducts can lead to infection in the bile ducts and possibly the liver. The last portion of the bile duct joins with the pancreatic duct in the back of the head of the pancreas and empties into the duodenum. This leads to a visible yellowing of the eyes and the skin. The cells of the digestive tract also divide rapidly and are therefore strongly affected by these drugs. Antiseptic and analgesic mouthwashes may be prescribed to numb the discomfort. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or malnutrition are all a strain on the body and often cause fatigue.


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Side Effects of Chemotherapy


Side Effects of Chemotherapy. Your health care team can help you prevent or treat many side effects. Preventing and treating side effects is now an important part of cancer treatment. Tell your doctor about all the side effects you notice. Chemotherapy can damage the cells inside the mouth and throat. Whether you have these side effects, and how much, depends on the specific drugs and dose. Learn more about managing nervous system side effects . Learn more about  managing sexual and reproductive side effects . Your doctor can predict the risk of hair loss based on the drugs and doses you are receiving. Your health care team can help you treat long-term side effects and watch for late effects.


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Colon Cancer and Unexplained Weight Loss


Many of us wouldn't want to question unexplained weight loss. We'd just be happy to be losing weight! Though the prospect of losing weight without even trying may seem like a blessing, it really is something to question. Reasons for Unintentional Weight Loss. Possible causes of unintentional weight loss include depression, frequent diarrhea, hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), infection, poor nutrition, AIDS, and cancer. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders, and smoking. Unexplained Weight Loss and Colon Cancer. You're unlikely to notice the diversion of blood and nutrients, but sometimes tumors release chemicals that increase the body's metabolism (such as burn calories faster), which can lead to unexplained weight loss. Medical Attention for Unexplained Weight Loss. (That would be about 10 pounds for a 200-pound person.) You should also call your doctor if you experience unexplained weight loss in conjunction with other potential colon cancer symptoms . "Colon Cancer: Signs and Symptoms." Mayo Clinic 17 Aug. "Signs and Symptoms of Cancer." American Cancer Society 28 Feb. "Weight Loss - Unintentional." National Institutes of Health 22 Jan. If you're trying to figure out why someone else is losing weight unintentionally, you may also want to look into drug abuse, eating disorders , and smoking.


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Loss of appetite - Canadian Cancer Society


Severe loss of appetite can cause weight loss and malnutrition. Try eating small meals and snacks throughout the day. Appetite is very much affected by how food looks and by the eating environment. Try to help make meals appealing and fun. You can try experimenting with different foods to help cover up tastes and smells that bother you and make food appealing again. Spices make the mouth water and change the taste of food. You can help prevent weight loss by increasing the nutritional value of the food you eat, especially with calories and protein. Eat foods high in calories and protein when the appetite is poor. You can try the following to help stimulate your appetite. Eating with someone else distracts attention from food and can increase the amount eaten. Feeding tubes may be appropriate if your loss of appetite is temporary and not caused by advanced cancer. Talk to your healthcare team about how you can help manage your child’s loss of appetite and make sure they are getting proper nutrition. Try to serve foods and drinks that the child asks for or that are easy to eat or drink.


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Can a nutritionist help someone experiencing weight loss


Chemotherapy For Cancer. Can a nutritionist help someone experiencing weight loss with chemo? Topics Cancer Cancer Treatment Chemotherapy For Cancer Can a nutritionist help someone experiencing weight loss with chemo? Weight loss is a very serious side effect from many different chemotherapy regimens and any extra help the patient can obtain may be beneficial. Different chemotherapy drugs are used for different types of cancers and can be combined with other treatments, like radiation therapy or surgery. To prepare for chemotherapy, ask your doctor for tests to check your heart and liver functions to make sure you are healthy enough to undergo treatment. Chemotherapy For Cancer Q&As.


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Chemotherapy : Learn Side Effects of This Cancer Treatment


What is chemotherapy? Chemotherapy (also called chemo ) is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. How does chemotherapy work? Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. What does chemotherapy do? Depending on your type of cancer and how advanced it is, chemotherapy can: Cure cancer - when chemotherapy destroys cancer cells to the point that your doctor can no longer detect them in your body and they will not grow back. How is chemotherapy used? Sometimes, chemotherapy is used as the only cancer treatment. Chemotherapy can:


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Weight Loss - Mesothelioma Symptoms


› Mesothelioma › Symptoms › Weight Loss. With mesothelioma, one of the major symptoms of both pleural mesothelioma and peritoneal mesothelioma is weight loss. Depending on where the cancer is lodged, extreme weight loss can be explained, understood and managed. With malignant mesothelioma , weight loss happens as a result of the effect of the cancer on the organs that are involved. To understand weight loss as a symptom of mesothelioma , it is important to look at the various organs that are affected. With the two most common forms of mesothelioma, pleural and peritoneal, weight loss signifies variants in the presentation of the cancer. Pleural mesothelioma weight loss may be due to a combination of other symptoms. However, minimal weight loss with pleural mesothelioma may be overlooked and considered normal. If other symptoms, like dysphagia, are present the weight loss may be accounted for. Further, if the onset of weight loss is not within an individual’s normal fluctuating range and is new or progressing quickly, pleural mesothelioma may be the cause. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdominal cavity and can cause pain and weight loss. As advances in treatment for mesothelioma are gaining momentum, the aggressive symptoms, like weight loss, are hard to ignore.


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Will I Lose My Pubic Hair During Chemotherapy - About Cancer


Whether or not someone loses their hair during chemotherapy depends upon a few different factors, such as the type of chemotherapy drug(s) and the dosage. Your Chances of Losing Your Pubic Hair During Chemotherapy. If your doctor informed you that you may lose your hair during chemotherapy, you may indeed lose the hair on your head and all of the hair on your body, including your pubic hair . Eyebrows, eyelashes, underarms, legs, and arms can all lose their hair because of chemotherapy. Hair loss usually occurs about 10 to 14 days after the first treatment. Hair loss can occur all over the body because of how chemotherapy drugs are designed to work. Losing your hair because of chemotherapy can certainly take a toll on your self-esteem . Your concern over losing your pubic hair is valid, and many women share the same concern. Be warned that the texture and color of your hair may be a little different. Coping with Hair Loss During Chemotherapy . One of the most distressing side effects of chemotherapy is hair loss (alopecia). Understanding the reasons for hair loss, and ways to cope emotionally and physically with hair loss ahead of time, may ease some of this distress on your journey through chemotherapy.


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Hair Loss and Cancer Treatment - American Cancer Society


It helps to know that hair grows back, and you can take steps to make its loss less of problem for you. It can be hard to predict which patients will lose their hair and which ones won’t, even when they take the same drugs. Some drugs can cause hair loss on the scalp and the loss of pubic hair, arm and leg hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes. Some drugs cause only the loss of head hair. Radiation therapy to the head often causes scalp hair loss. Ask if the wig can be adjusted – you might need a smaller wig as you lose hair. If you buy a wig before hair loss begins, the wig shop can better match your hair color and texture. Or you can cut a swatch of hair from the top front of your head, where hair is lightest, to use for matching. You can also order the American Cancer Society’s “tlc” Tender Loving Care® catalog (for women with hair loss due to cancer treatment) by visiting www.tlcdirect.org or by calling 1-800-850-9445. Be gentle when brushing and washing your hair. If the thought of losing your hair bothers you, you might choose to cut your hair very short or even shave your head before it starts falling out. Keep hair short and easy to style.


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Chemotherapy and weight loss


Chemotherapy and weight loss? What are the principles of fat weight loss? The Skinny On Weight Loss Diets. There are hundreds of weight loss programs and diets available on the market. To help you wade through some of the claims and hype around dieting, take the time to weigh out the pros and cons of dieting for weight loss. The best form of weight loss diets will incorporate healthy dietary and lifestyle changes gradually. Calorie expenditure is the basis of weight loss; burning 3,500 calories more than you consume will result in the loss of one pound of body fat. Here are 5 tips to keep in mind to make the most of your running for weight loss. The types and quantities of food you consume play an integral role in weight loss. Keeping the above tips in mind will help you maximize your running routines in aiding towards your goal of weight loss.


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Cancer, Weight Changes, Muscle Loss, Fatigue


Treating and managing these symptoms can help you feel better and allow you to continue with more of your usual activities. These substances can lead to weight loss, muscle loss, and a decrease in appetite. They can also lead to side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and mouth sores, which can affect your ability to eat normally, further contributing to weight and muscle loss. Fatigue is also a factor, since the decreases in exercise and other physical activities that happen when you’re not feeling well can also contribute to muscle loss. How are weight changes and muscle loss treated? These drugs can increase appetite for some people and may help to prevent weight and muscle loss, but they do not build up lost muscle tissue. What can I do to help maintain my weight and build strength? You can also try some upper body exercises while sitting in a chair – moving your arms up and down and front to back can help maintain flexibility. Making a fist and lifting your arms up and down in front of you can increase strength. Note the type of exercises or other physical activities you do and how they affect your mood and energy level. Nutritionists and physical or occupational therapists can advise you on other ways to maintain your weight and build strength as you cope with cancer.


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Nutrition in Cancer Care - National Cancer Institute


The following can help patients who have mouth sores and infections: Eat soft foods that are easy to chew and swallow, such as the following: Nausea caused by cancer treatment can affect the amount and kinds of food eaten. The following may help cancer patients control nausea: See the PDQ summary on Nausea and Vomiting for more information. The following may help cancer patients prevent dehydration: Healthy diet and lifestyle habits can improve the quality of life for cancer survivors. The effects of diet and lifestyle on cancer continue to be studied. The effect of soy on breast cancer and breast cancer prevention is being studied. The American Cancer Society and the American Institute for Cancer Research both have dietary guidelines that may help prevent cancer . Editorial Boards write the PDQ cancer information summaries and keep them up to date. It cannot be identified as an NCI PDQ cancer information summary unless the whole summary is shown and it is updated regularly.


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Why does cancer cause weight loss? - Yahoo Answers


Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Normally it's because either the cancer or the chemotherapy causes sickness, which makes you loose your appetite and not eat, and as a result you lose weight. It all just depends on the person and the type of cancer they have and the treatment they're receiving. I think this question violates the Community Guidelines. I think this question violates the Terms of Service. I think this answer violates the Community Guidelines. I think this answer violates the Terms of Service. I think this comment violates the Community Guidelines. I think this comment violates the Terms of Service. You can only upload files of type PNG, JPG, or JPEG. You can only upload files of type 3 GP, 3 GPP, MP 4, MOV, AVI, MPG, MPEG, or RM. You can only upload photos smaller than 5 MB. You can only upload videos smaller than 600 MB. You can only upload a photo (png, jpg, jpeg) or a video (3gp, 3gpp, mp4, mov, avi, mpg, mpeg, rm). You can only upload a photo or a video.


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Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes


Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes. Your weight might change when you get treated for breast cancer . What Might Cause Me to Gain Weight? Menopause also causes you to gain more body fat and lose lean muscle. Another reason for weight gain is the use of corticosteroids. They can make you lose muscle mass in your arms and legs, and gain belly fat, too. Women treated with steroids may also put on pounds, but the weight gain is usually seen only after weeks of continuous use. Some research suggests that weight gain is also related to lack of exercise . When you get your cancer treatment , it’s common to feel stress and have some fatigue , nausea , or pain. Weight gain may also be related to intense food cravings . Do Other Breast Cancer Medications Cause Weight Gain? Many women taking tamoxifen have felt the drug was responsible for their weight gain.


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Weight Loss


Weight loss is common among people with cancer and is often the first noticeable sign of the disease. As many as 40% of people with cancer report unexplained weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and up to 80% of people with advanced cancer experience weight loss and cachexia, or wasting, which is the combination of weight loss and muscle mass loss. Weight loss and muscle wasting also often come with fatigue , weakness, loss of energy, and an inability to perform everyday tasks. Controlling cancer-related weight loss is important for your comfort and well-being. Consider asking your doctor about receiving food through a tube that goes directly to the stomach, which may help people with head and neck or esophageal cancers who are having difficulty chewing or difficulty swallowing . Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progesterone hormone that can improve appetite, weight gain, and a person's sense of well-being. Steroid medications can increase appetite, improve a person's sense of well-being, and help with nausea, weakness, or pain. Other medications are being studied to help people with cancer improve their appetite and gain weight. Nutrition counseling may help people with cancer get essential nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals into their diet and maintain a healthy body weight. You can also find a dietitian through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. These details can help you work with your health care team to find the best way to maintain your weight, or gain needed weight, during cancer treatment.


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Side Effects of Chemotherapy - Nausea, Vomiting and Hair Loss


This can result in side effects like fatigue, hair loss, lack of appetite and diarrhea. The severity of these effects depends on the type of drug being used, the patient's overall physical condition and overall response to the medication. If side effects become too intense or pose serious health risks, the patient's oncologist may reduce the dose of the drug or change the treatment schedule. Fatigue is the most frequently reported side effect of chemotherapy and affects up to 96 percent of cancer patients. Nausea and vomiting occur in 70 to 80 percent of chemo patients. These symptoms can occur immediately after the drugs are administered or develop over several days, and they may disappear within hours or last up to a week. About 90 percent of patients who use cisplatin experience nausea and vomiting, while between 10 and 30 percent of patients taking pemetrexed experience the same issues. Chemotherapy drugs can damage cells inside the mouth, causing problems with a patient's teeth and gums. Diarrhea and constipation may occur if drugs irritate the gastrointestinal tract lining. Certain side effects of chemo are more serious and should be carefully monitored. Patients who experience severe problems from their treatment are encouraged to report the experiences to the Food and Drug Administration. Some physical side effects, such as hair loss and fluctuations in weight, can cause cancer patients to struggle with self-esteem, leading to depression and other emotional side effects.


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Cancer Research UK : hair loss, hair thinning and cancer drugs


Hair loss or thinning from cancer drugs. Generally, chemotherapy is the type of cancer drug treatment most likely to cause hair loss. Drugs that cause hair loss or thinning. You can ask your doctor or specialist nurse whether your drugs are likely to cause hair loss. Unless you have had very high doses of particular chemotherapy drugs, your hair will grow back once the course of treatment is over. If you are worried about hair loss or thinning from cancer treatment, the tips below might help. Ask your doctor or nurse if your cancer drugs cause hair loss. Ask about a wig before you start treatment, so you can match the colour and texture of your real hair. If you want to match your own hair colour and style (and not everyone does) it's best to start the wig buying process as soon as you know you will be having cancer drugs that cause hair loss. Then the wig expert can match your hair colour and style. The video below shows you the different types of hats and scarves you can wear when you have hair loss. If you find the thought of losing your hair very upsetting, your doctor may be able to suggest a treatment that is less likely to cause hair loss.


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Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes


Weight gain can raise your risk for getting high blood pressure , heart disease , and diabetes . Research has also shown that carrying around extra pounds can raise your risk of breast cancer recurring. Weight loss can cause you to lose energy, and poor nutrition can make it harder for you to recover. A diet low in total and saturated fat helps lower your risk of heart disease , and also lowers the risk that your breast cancer will return. Good nutrition can help you with the side effects of chemotherapy , and help fight off infections. Physical activity can often help reduce the side effects of nausea and fatigue . It can also lift your energy levels. Strength training can help rebuild body mass and increase your strength.


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How/why does cancer cause weight loss


Best Answer:  It depends on the cancer and the tumor origin. As a nurse who has worked with oncology patients and as a CANCER SURVIVOR, I can honestly say that the radiation and chemotherapy are the most popular reason why people lose weight from their side effects, which are mainly xerostomia, nausea, vomiting, impaired absorption, poor appetite, anorexia. As I said, it depends on many factors including the person, the tumor, the cancer type, and the origin, the radiation treatment, and the specific chemotherapy drug, if they are taking any. Sometimes it is not the cancer that causes the weight loss. "In cancer patients, anorexia and cachexia can co-exist, although the degree of weight loss cannot be ascribed completely to reduced food intake. Indeed, the muscle wasting observed in cancer patients occurs even in the presence of a normal food intake, and increased muscle proteolysis is detectable even before weight loss occurs. I also gained weight while on chemo, but there are many who just can't tolerate the chemo or steroids and in so, can't keep food down. Many times you lose your appetite when you have cancer, so it is not the cancer, but the results of the cancer that cause you to not desire eating as much anymore. You can only upload photos smaller than 5 MB. You can only upload videos smaller than 600 MB.


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Chemotherapy and hair loss : What to expect during


Take the following steps throughout your treatment to minimize the frustration and anxiety associated with hair loss. Be gentle to your hair. Get in the habit of being kind to your hair. Consider cutting your hair. Whether you choose to wear a head covering to conceal your hair loss is up to you. Baby your remaining hair. Continue your gentle hair strategies throughout your chemotherapy treatment. Processing could damage your new hair and irritate your sensitive scalp. Chemotherapy and hair loss: Cover your head. Covering your head as your hair falls out is a purely personal decision. If you have radiation to your head, you'll likely lose the hair on your head. Different types of radiation and different doses will have different effects on your hair.


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Chemotherapy and hair loss : What to expect during


Chemotherapy and hair loss: What to expect during treatment. Find out what to expect when it comes to chemotherapy and hair loss. And if you have cancer and are about to undergo chemotherapy, the chance of hair loss is very real. Whether you have hair loss from your chemotherapy depends mostly on the type and dose of medication you receive. But whether you can maintain a healthy body image after hair loss depends a lot on your attitude and the support of your friends and family. Chemotherapy and hair loss: Why does it occur? Chemotherapy may cause hair loss all over your body — not just on your scalp. Chemotherapy and hair loss: What should you expect? Your hair loss will continue throughout your treatment and up to a few weeks afterward. Chemotherapy and hair loss: Can hair loss be prevented? The best way for you to deal with impending hair loss is to plan ahead and focus on making yourself comfortable with your appearance before, during and after your cancer treatment.


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Chemotherapy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Many of the side effects of chemotherapy can be traced to damage to normal cells that divide rapidly and are thus sensitive to anti-mitotic drugs: cells in the bone marrow , digestive tract , and hair follicles . The drugs differ in their mechanism and side-effects. The efficacy of chemotherapy depends on the type of cancer and the stage. [14] [16] [17] As a result, there is high variability in the systemic chemotherapy drug concentration among patients dosed by BSA, and this variability has been demonstrated to be more than 10-fold for many drugs. [30] [32] Alkylating agents will work at any point in the cell cycle and thus are known as cell cycle-independent drugs. Topoisomerase inhibitors are drugs that affect the activity of two enzymes: topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II . Other clinically used drugs in the anthracyline group are pirarubicin , aclarubicin , and mitoxantrone . Fatigue may be a consequence of the cancer or its treatment, and can last for months to years after treatment. Nausea and vomiting are two of the most feared cancer treatment-related side-effects for cancer patients and their families. [132] When used in non-cancer setting, the treatment is still called Chemotherapy, and is often done in the same treatment center as cancer patients. The term chemotherapy[ edit ] [141] Ehrlich was not optimistic that effective chemotherapy drugs would be found for the treatment of cancer.


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Anorexia and Weight Loss - Cancer Treatment


How can anorexia and weight loss be managed? While not all cancer patients will develop anorexia and subsequent weight loss, anorexia and weight loss are very common. Anorexia may result from the cancer, chemotherapy, radiation or a variety of other causes, including physical and psychological causes. Anorexia that is a direct result of the cancer occurs in the majority of patients with advanced-stage cancers. These changes can lead to anorexia and weight loss. Why is it important to manage anorexia and weight loss? Not only can anorexia interfere with treatment, it can cause concern for both you and your family. Some approaches that may help prevent anorexia and weight loss may include: Both chemotherapy and radiation therapy cause nausea and vomiting, which can lead to anorexia and weight loss. In 139 patients with anorexia and weight loss, Marinol® significantly increased appetite after 4 weeks. The patients receiving Marinol® also tended to have decreased nausea and improved body weight and mood. Megace® is FDA-approved for the palliative treatment of advanced breast and endometrial cancer. Several studies have established that Megace® causes appetite stimulation and weight gain in cancer patients with anorexia. Dronabinol as a treatment for anorexia associated with weight loss in patients with AIDS.


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Eating to Lose Weight After Treatment


Why do some people with breast cancer gain weight? Many people gain weight when they are treated with chemotherapy and steroids. This weight gain may be because of the enzyme lipoprotein lipase (LPL), which is controlled by insulin. If LPL is on a fat cell, it pulls fat into the cell and makes it fatter. With less estrogen in the body, LPL can pull fat into fat cells and store it there. And like many people, you may be certain that taking a hormonal therapy medication makes you gain weight and makes it nearly impossible to lose weight. Many people believe that if you eat fewer calories than you burn each day, you’ll lose weight, and if you eat the same number of calories that you’ll burn, you’ll maintain a healthy weight. She’s probably going to lose some weight and get a lot more nutrients from her food. And counting calories is only one way to lose weight. The first thing to do if you want to lose weight is to talk to your doctors and a registered dietitian about a safe and sensible plan designed specifically for you and your needs.


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Cancer and Weight Loss as a Symptom


Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of many conditions - cancer included. Weight Loss and Cancer. Unintentional weight loss can be a symptom of cancer , though vague and non-specific. When To See Your Doctor About Weight Loss. Generally, you should see your doctor if you have lost 5 percent of your body weight within six months or less and have done so without modifying your diet or exercising. Your doctor may ask you several questions to help identify why you are losing weight. Your doctor will want to know the basics like when you first started to lose weight and how much you have lost. Remember, Weight Loss Doesn't Mean You Have Cancer. You may also get a better understanding of what your symptoms, like weight loss , may mean by using the About.com Symptom Checker , an interactive health education tool.


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Hair loss from chemotherapy


Don’t use brush rollers to set your hair. Don’t dye your hair or get a perm. Have your hair cut short. A shorter style will make your hair look thicker and fuller. Sometimes, either during the regrowth of your hair or when you are bald, your scalp may feel extra tender, dry, and itchy. Even a gentle scalp massage may make your scalp feel better. Here are tips to follow if you choose to cover your head with a wig or hairpiece: Shop for your wig or hairpiece before you lose a lot of hair so you can match your natural color, texture, and style. A sales person may be able to come to your home to help you.


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Chemotherapy - Side effects - NHS Choices


Your care team is there to help you cope with the physical and psychological side effects. While the side effects of chemotherapy can be distressing, most don't pose a serious threat to your health. If you experience nausea and vomiting, you'll be given medication to help control your symptoms. Chemotherapy can make you more vulnerable to excessive bleeding and bruising. The symptoms of mucositis usually begin 7 to 10 days after you start chemotherapy. If you have serious problems eating and drinking due to symptoms such as mouth ulcers, you may need to be admitted to hospital, so that you can be fed with a feeding tube. During chemotherapy, and for some time after treatment has finished, your skin may become more sensitive to sunlight, so it's important to protect your skin from the sun . Your care team can recommend suitable medication to help control the symptoms. Living with the effects of chemotherapy can be frustrating, stressful and traumatic. Contact your care team if you have psychological and emotional difficulties. You can search the directory to find a centre in your area. In some circumstances, you may think that the benefits of chemotherapy aren't worth the poor quality of life, due to the side effects. For example, if chemotherapy offers no hope of a cure and can only extend your life by a few months, you may feel that the extra few months aren't worth undergoing treatment. Your care team can give you advice about the likely benefit of continuing with treatment, but the final decision will be yours.


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Hair Loss and Chemotherapy - Chemocare - Side Effects


Hair Loss and Chemotherapy. What is hair loss and how is chemotherapy related? Believe it or not, hair loss (alopecia) due to chemotherapy is one of the most distressing side effects of chemo treatments. Hair loss happens because the chemotherapy affects all cells in the body, not just the cancer cells. Hair loss does not occur with all chemotherapy. Whether or not your hair remains as it is, thins or falls out, depends on the drugs and dosages. Hair loss may occur as early as the second or third week after the first cycle of chemotherapy, although it may not happen until after the second cycle of chemotherapy. Can you prevent hair loss during chemo treatments? What can be done to manage hair loss due to chemotherapy? Management of hair loss focuses on your own comfort, or discomfort with baldness and on keeping your head warm if you live in a cool climate, as well as protection from the sun. Short hair - Cut your hair short if you are expecting hair loss during chemotherapy.


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Taxol and Hair Loss - Breast Cancer Home Page


Breast Cancer Home > Taxol and Hair Loss. Taxol and Hair Loss. Many side effects are possible with Taxol, and hair loss is one of the most common. If you are taking Taxol and hair loss becomes a concern, talk to your healthcare provider so he or she can offer suggestions. Does Taxol Cause Hair Loss? Hair loss is one of most common side effects of Taxol ® ( paclitaxel ). With some chemotherapy medications, such as Taxol, this can include hair cells. If you are concerned about hair loss while taking the drug, be sure to discuss your expectations and wishes with your healthcare provider.


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