How Chemotherapy Can Affect Your Weight. There are many ways that cancer can affect your life, and being prepared for them may help make the journey a little easier. However, did you know that chemo can cause weight gain or loss? It's an unpredictable thing, but knowing why these fluctuations occur may help you prepare for a rise or fall in your body weight. As a result, it's important to monitor your weight, and notify your health care provider if you lose more than five pounds. To maintain your body weight, you may need to change your diet to preserve the muscle mass you need to heal. If you or your health care provider think your weight gain is due to a poor diet or lack of activity, you may want to consider changing your lifestyle habits. Eating more fruits and vegetables can satisfy your appetite while keeping you hydrated and well-nourished.
Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of many conditions - cancer included. Weight Loss and Cancer. Unintentional weight loss can be a symptom of cancer , though vague and non-specific. When To See Your Doctor About Weight Loss. Generally, you should see your doctor if you have lost 5 percent of your body weight within six months or less and have done so without modifying your diet or exercising. Your doctor may ask you several questions to help identify why you are losing weight. Your doctor will want to know the basics like when you first started to lose weight and how much you have lost. Remember, Weight Loss Doesn't Mean You Have Cancer. You may also get a better understanding of what your symptoms, like weight loss , may mean by using the About.com Symptom Checker , an interactive health education tool.
Breast Cancer Treatment and Weight Changes. Your weight might change when you get treated for breast cancer . What Might Cause Me to Gain Weight? Menopause also causes you to gain more body fat and lose lean muscle. Another reason for weight gain is the use of corticosteroids. They can make you lose muscle mass in your arms and legs, and gain belly fat, too. Women treated with steroids may also put on pounds, but the weight gain is usually seen only after weeks of continuous use. Some research suggests that weight gain is also related to lack of exercise . When you get your cancer treatment , it’s common to feel stress and have some fatigue , nausea , or pain. Weight gain may also be related to intense food cravings . Do Other Breast Cancer Medications Cause Weight Gain? Many women taking tamoxifen have felt the drug was responsible for their weight gain.
The following can help patients who have mouth sores and infections: Eat soft foods that are easy to chew and swallow, such as the following: Nausea caused by cancer treatment can affect the amount and kinds of food eaten. The following may help cancer patients control nausea: See the PDQ summary on Nausea and Vomiting for more information. The following may help cancer patients prevent dehydration: Healthy diet and lifestyle habits can improve the quality of life for cancer survivors. The effects of diet and lifestyle on cancer continue to be studied. The effect of soy on breast cancer and breast cancer prevention is being studied. The American Cancer Society and the American Institute for Cancer Research both have dietary guidelines that may help prevent cancer . Editorial Boards write the PDQ cancer information summaries and keep them up to date. It cannot be identified as an NCI PDQ cancer information summary unless the whole summary is shown and it is updated regularly.
Breast cancer and weight changes. What causes weight gain with breast cancer? However the weight gain brought on by chemotherapy involves only fat. Some research suggests that weight gain is also related to lack of exercise. Do other breast cancer medications cause weight gain? Women taking steroid medications during cancer treatment may also experience weight gain. That loss of muscle makes weight gain more apparent. Hormone therapy is another treatment that can cause weight gain. Some women taking tamoxifen find that they gain weight. Can breast cancer treatment cause weight loss?
Best Answer: It depends on the cancer and the tumor origin. As a nurse who has worked with oncology patients and as a CANCER SURVIVOR, I can honestly say that the radiation and chemotherapy are the most popular reason why people lose weight from their side effects, which are mainly xerostomia, nausea, vomiting, impaired absorption, poor appetite, anorexia. As I said, it depends on many factors including the person, the tumor, the cancer type, and the origin, the radiation treatment, and the specific chemotherapy drug, if they are taking any. Sometimes it is not the cancer that causes the weight loss. "In cancer patients, anorexia and cachexia can co-exist, although the degree of weight loss cannot be ascribed completely to reduced food intake. Indeed, the muscle wasting observed in cancer patients occurs even in the presence of a normal food intake, and increased muscle proteolysis is detectable even before weight loss occurs. I also gained weight while on chemo, but there are many who just can't tolerate the chemo or steroids and in so, can't keep food down. Many times you lose your appetite when you have cancer, so it is not the cancer, but the results of the cancer that cause you to not desire eating as much anymore. You can only upload photos smaller than 5 MB. You can only upload videos smaller than 600 MB.
Hair Loss and Chemotherapy. What is hair loss and how is chemotherapy related? Believe it or not, hair loss (alopecia) due to chemotherapy is one of the most distressing side effects of chemo treatments. Hair loss happens because the chemotherapy affects all cells in the body, not just the cancer cells. Hair loss does not occur with all chemotherapy. Whether or not your hair remains as it is, thins or falls out, depends on the drugs and dosages. Hair loss may occur as early as the second or third week after the first cycle of chemotherapy, although it may not happen until after the second cycle of chemotherapy. Can you prevent hair loss during chemo treatments? What can be done to manage hair loss due to chemotherapy? Management of hair loss focuses on your own comfort, or discomfort with baldness and on keeping your head warm if you live in a cool climate, as well as protection from the sun. Short hair - Cut your hair short if you are expecting hair loss during chemotherapy.
Radiotherapy to your head and neck area can make you lose weight because you may have. There are things you can do to help keep your weight up though. It's important to eat and drink as well as you can but don't worry too much if you can't eat a lot during the treatment period. Talk to your radiographers or the nursing staff if you are having problems eating or drinking. If your throat is very sore and eating and drinking is painful, you may need to have strong painkillers and one of the following. Your radiotherapy doctor (clinical oncologist) might stop your treatment for a while to allow you to recover but this is rare.
Side Effects of Chemotherapy. Your health care team can help you prevent or treat many side effects. Preventing and treating side effects is now an important part of cancer treatment. Tell your doctor about all the side effects you notice. Chemotherapy can damage the cells inside the mouth and throat. Whether you have these side effects, and how much, depends on the specific drugs and dose. Learn more about managing nervous system side effects . Learn more about managing sexual and reproductive side effects . Your doctor can predict the risk of hair loss based on the drugs and doses you are receiving. Your health care team can help you treat long-term side effects and watch for late effects.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Normally it's because either the cancer or the chemotherapy causes sickness, which makes you loose your appetite and not eat, and as a result you lose weight. It all just depends on the person and the type of cancer they have and the treatment they're receiving. I think this question violates the Community Guidelines. I think this question violates the Terms of Service. I think this answer violates the Community Guidelines. I think this answer violates the Terms of Service. I think this comment violates the Community Guidelines. I think this comment violates the Terms of Service. You can only upload files of type PNG, JPG, or JPEG. You can only upload files of type 3 GP, 3 GPP, MP 4, MOV, AVI, MPG, MPEG, or RM. You can only upload photos smaller than 5 MB. You can only upload videos smaller than 600 MB. You can only upload a photo (png, jpg, jpeg) or a video (3gp, 3gpp, mp4, mov, avi, mpg, mpeg, rm). You can only upload a photo or a video.
Steroids with chemo cause weight gain. Chemotherapy may directly or indirectly cause weight gain or weight loss. Many people gain weight when they are treated with chemotherapy and steroids. With less physical activity and a yearning for sweets all combine to cause weight gain. However, did you know that chemo can cause weight gain or loss. The latter is largely associated with steroids, and this type of weight gain usually shows . Chemotherapy and other treatments can bring on the menopause and weight gain is a symptom of this. Steroids cause weight gain and are often given with . TEENren's cancer treatment can cause either weight gain or weight loss,. Could cause weight gain.
Weight loss is common among people with cancer and is often the first noticeable sign of the disease. As many as 40% of people with cancer report unexplained weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and up to 80% of people with advanced cancer experience weight loss and cachexia, or wasting, which is the combination of weight loss and muscle mass loss. Weight loss and muscle wasting also often come with fatigue , weakness, loss of energy, and an inability to perform everyday tasks. Controlling cancer-related weight loss is important for your comfort and well-being. Consider asking your doctor about receiving food through a tube that goes directly to the stomach, which may help people with head and neck or esophageal cancers who are having difficulty chewing or difficulty swallowing . Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progesterone hormone that can improve appetite, weight gain, and a person's sense of well-being. Steroid medications can increase appetite, improve a person's sense of well-being, and help with nausea, weakness, or pain. Other medications are being studied to help people with cancer improve their appetite and gain weight. Nutrition counseling may help people with cancer get essential nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals into their diet and maintain a healthy body weight. You can also find a dietitian through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. These details can help you work with your health care team to find the best way to maintain your weight, or gain needed weight, during cancer treatment.
Chemotherapy For Cancer. Can a nutritionist help someone experiencing weight loss with chemo? Topics Cancer Cancer Treatment Chemotherapy For Cancer Can a nutritionist help someone experiencing weight loss with chemo? Weight loss is a very serious side effect from many different chemotherapy regimens and any extra help the patient can obtain may be beneficial. Different chemotherapy drugs are used for different types of cancers and can be combined with other treatments, like radiation therapy or surgery. To prepare for chemotherapy, ask your doctor for tests to check your heart and liver functions to make sure you are healthy enough to undergo treatment. Chemotherapy For Cancer Q&As.
Don’t use brush rollers to set your hair. Don’t dye your hair or get a perm. Have your hair cut short. A shorter style will make your hair look thicker and fuller. Sometimes, either during the regrowth of your hair or when you are bald, your scalp may feel extra tender, dry, and itchy. Even a gentle scalp massage may make your scalp feel better. Here are tips to follow if you choose to cover your head with a wig or hairpiece: Shop for your wig or hairpiece before you lose a lot of hair so you can match your natural color, texture, and style. A sales person may be able to come to your home to help you.
Treating and managing these symptoms can help you feel better and allow you to continue with more of your usual activities. These substances can lead to weight loss, muscle loss, and a decrease in appetite. They can also lead to side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and mouth sores, which can affect your ability to eat normally, further contributing to weight and muscle loss. Fatigue is also a factor, since the decreases in exercise and other physical activities that happen when you’re not feeling well can also contribute to muscle loss. How are weight changes and muscle loss treated? These drugs can increase appetite for some people and may help to prevent weight and muscle loss, but they do not build up lost muscle tissue. What can I do to help maintain my weight and build strength? You can also try some upper body exercises while sitting in a chair – moving your arms up and down and front to back can help maintain flexibility. Making a fist and lifting your arms up and down in front of you can increase strength. Note the type of exercises or other physical activities you do and how they affect your mood and energy level. Nutritionists and physical or occupational therapists can advise you on other ways to maintain your weight and build strength as you cope with cancer.
What to do about cancer patients' drastic weight loss? Is the inability of cancer patients to eat of major concern to cancer health care providers? Cachexia is best known as a disease of cancer patients, but it is seen in patients with chronic infection, AIDS, heart failure, rheumatoid diseases and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nearly half of patients with cancer that has spread to organs other the original site of disease (metastatic disease) have cachexia. The loss in weight and body mass is driven by a metabolic disease manifested by increased energy consumption. There are studies that suggest that forced tube feeding or intravenous feeding (known as hyperalimentation) can actually increase the risk of infection and death. Studies demonstrate that cachexia is the direct cause of death in a small number of cancer patients (1 to 2 percent). Cancer cachexia appears to be caused by chemicals given off by the tumor or by the patient's immune system that is trying to combat the tumor. When there is effective treatment of the cancer, symptoms of cachexia decrease. A number of agents have been studied, not as treatment of the cancer, but as a treatment of cachexia of malignancy. Only the corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone, and the progestational agents, such megesterol acetate, have proven of benefit in treatment of the loss of appetite.
Also, tumors of the pancreas often interfere with digestion which furthur contributes to weight loss. The anti-cancer drugs given during chemotherapy affect normal cells as well as cancer cells. When normal blood cells are affected, the blood cells may not clot well which may cause the patient to bleed easily. Infection caused by obstruction of the bile ducts and/or biological therapy (vaccines). Removal of part of the pancreas with the cancer may cure the diabetes. Surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy are all a strain on the body and often cause fatigue. Obstruction of bile ducts can lead to infection in the bile ducts and possibly the liver. The last portion of the bile duct joins with the pancreatic duct in the back of the head of the pancreas and empties into the duodenum. This leads to a visible yellowing of the eyes and the skin. The cells of the digestive tract also divide rapidly and are therefore strongly affected by these drugs. Antiseptic and analgesic mouthwashes may be prescribed to numb the discomfort. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or malnutrition are all a strain on the body and often cause fatigue.
This can result in side effects like fatigue, hair loss, lack of appetite and diarrhea. The severity of these effects depends on the type of drug being used, the patient's overall physical condition and overall response to the medication. If side effects become too intense or pose serious health risks, the patient's oncologist may reduce the dose of the drug or change the treatment schedule. Fatigue is the most frequently reported side effect of chemotherapy and affects up to 96 percent of cancer patients. Nausea and vomiting occur in 70 to 80 percent of chemo patients. These symptoms can occur immediately after the drugs are administered or develop over several days, and they may disappear within hours or last up to a week. About 90 percent of patients who use cisplatin experience nausea and vomiting, while between 10 and 30 percent of patients taking pemetrexed experience the same issues. Chemotherapy drugs can damage cells inside the mouth, causing problems with a patient's teeth and gums. Diarrhea and constipation may occur if drugs irritate the gastrointestinal tract lining. Certain side effects of chemo are more serious and should be carefully monitored. Patients who experience severe problems from their treatment are encouraged to report the experiences to the Food and Drug Administration. Some physical side effects, such as hair loss and fluctuations in weight, can cause cancer patients to struggle with self-esteem, leading to depression and other emotional side effects.
You have lost more than 10 pounds OR 5% of your normal body weight over 6 to 12 months or less, and you do not know the reason. You have other symptoms along with the weight loss. How much weight have you lost? Are you eating less? Are you exercising more? Do you have more stress or anxiety than usual? Have you vomited? Have you had constipation or diarrhea? Do you have increased thirst or are you drinking more? Are you urinating more than usual? Have you lost any hair? Are you pleased or concerned with the weight loss?
Hypothyroidism can be caused by the autoimmune disorder Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, irradiation or surgical removal of the thyroid gland, and medications that reduce thyroid hormone levels. Fortunately, it can be easily diagnosed with blood tests that measure levels of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T 4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Because the symptoms of hypothyroidism and menopause can be similar, hypothyroidism may easily be missed. It affects the thyroid in a number of ways and poses a high risk for hypothyroidism, both during pregnancy and afterward. The risk for hypothyroidism is greatest after age 50 and increases with age. Hypothyroidism increases the risk for physical and mental problems. Effects of Hypothyroidism and Subclinical Hypothyroidism on the Heart. Effects of Hypothyroidism and Subclinical Hypothyroidism on the Mind. The risk of developing thyroid nodules and thyroid cancers is increased in these individuals, especially if they have hypothyroidism. Because symptoms of hypothyroidism can mimic those of many other conditions, blood tests for measuring levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (T 4) are the only definitive way to diagnose hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition marked by low thyroxine (T 4) hormone levels, and a test can measure levels of this hormone in the blood. A synthetic thyroid hormone called levothyroxine is the treatment of choice for hypothyroidism.
Have you ever wondered, will I lose weight during chemotherapy? Well, weight loss may seem like the silver lining of chemotherapy for some people, but not everyone loses weight with cancer treatment. Cancer patients on television and movies often appear gaunt and emaciated, giving the false idea that all people with cancer lose a lot of weight during treatment. The truth is that everyone responds differently to chemotherapy and there are a few different factors that play a role in how treatment will affect your weight. Factors Contributing to Weight Loss During Chemotherapy. When people do lose weight during cancer treatment, it likely due to the inability to maintain good nutrition. Chemotherapy side effects can cause loss of appetite, and the stomach upset (nausea and diarrhea) can greatly affect your eating habits, ultimately leading to weight loss. The cancer itself can also cause a loss of appetite . The goal during chemotherapy is to keep your weight stable. You can, however, focus on eating healthier, which hopefully will carry over post-treatment and allow you to reach your weight loss goals. Walking , yoga and other forms of exercise can be enjoyed by many cancer patients during treatment.
Chemotherapy and hair loss: What to expect during treatment. Find out what to expect when it comes to chemotherapy and hair loss. And if you have cancer and are about to undergo chemotherapy, the chance of hair loss is very real. Whether you have hair loss from your chemotherapy depends mostly on the type and dose of medication you receive. But whether you can maintain a healthy body image after hair loss depends a lot on your attitude and the support of your friends and family. Chemotherapy and hair loss: Why does it occur? Chemotherapy may cause hair loss all over your body — not just on your scalp. Chemotherapy and hair loss: What should you expect? Your hair loss will continue throughout your treatment and up to a few weeks afterward. Chemotherapy and hair loss: Can hair loss be prevented? The best way for you to deal with impending hair loss is to plan ahead and focus on making yourself comfortable with your appearance before, during and after your cancer treatment.
Does Chemotherapy Always Cause Hair Loss? Question: I may have to have chemotherapy. Answer: Hair loss is not certain with chemotherapy . Chemotherapy drugs are used to treat cancer, bone marrow diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Chemotherapy drugs attack rapidly growing cancer cells. Some newer chemotherapy drugs may cause fewer side effects. Hair loss from chemotherapy is not confined to your head. In most cases, hair loss from chemotherapy is temporary. Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles. Different chemotherapy drugs may be given simultaneously or in sequence. Hair loss is just one possible side effects of chemotherapy. In adjuvant therapy, chemotherapy is used to attack hidden cancer cells after other treatments such as surgery. [In our next column, I will provide information about how to combat the many side effects of chemotherapy.]
Chemotherapy drugs are one of the most common treatments for cancer, but they are not without side effects. Patients often experience weight loss while battling cancer and undergoing chemotherapy. Extreme weight loss may complicate the recovery process, although healthcare professionals continue to discover ways to lessen the undesirable effects of cancer treatment. Chemotherapy, also known as chemo, is a modern form of cancer treatment that uses potent drugs to attack cancer throughout the body. Side Effects of Chemotherapy. The powerful drugs used in chemotherapy cause a wide variety of side effects. Sometimes these side effects are severe, but the benefits of slowing the cancer clearly outweigh the risks. Nausea and vomiting are the most feared side effects of chemo, and indirectly contribute to weight loss in people undergoing treatment.
Moderate weight loss is a normal and common side effect of cancer treatment. If you are overweight at the start of your treatment, a slight weight loss is not a concern. You don't have to be strict about fats in your diet during cancer treatment. If you lose weight during treatments, it means you need more calories in your diet.
Your doctor, who knows the most about your specific type and stage of cancer, can guide you in making a decision about whether a clinical trial is right for you. These professionals can help you cope with the challenges of a cancer diagnosis and guide you to resources. We can work with you one-on-one to develop strategies for coping with treatment and its side effects. Oncology social workers can also help you communicate with your doctor and other members of your medical care team about the health care issues that are important to you. Your doctor will decide which drugs to prescribe based on the type of chemotherapy you are getting and how much nausea and vomiting might be expected. It is vital that you have a clear understanding of the order in which you take your medications—both chemotherapy (whether intravenously or by mouth) and anti-nausea drugs— as well as the times at which you take them. If you are taking the medications as directed and you continue to have CINV, contact your doctor right away. In addition to medical treatments for nausea and vomiting, there are things you can do to ease symptoms. If you are experiencing fatigue, you should know that this is a symptom for which you can and should seek help. But before they start and while they are present, it’s important that you work closely with your health care team to manage this side effect of cancer treatment. He or she can make sure that your mouth is as healthy as possible before you begin treatment and can provide important information to the rest of your health care team. Before you begin any of these treatments, talk with your doctor about the best ones for you. He or she may want to adjust some of your medicines or chemotherapy and may want to see if there is another reason for the problem that can be treated. In general, if the diarrhea is bad enough for you to need a medicine, including an over-thecounter one, you should discuss the diarrhea and its treatment with your doctor or nurse. You and your doctor have to weigh the risks and benefits of your treatment.
Many of the side effects of chemotherapy can be traced to damage to normal cells that divide rapidly and are thus sensitive to anti-mitotic drugs: cells in the bone marrow , digestive tract , and hair follicles . The drugs differ in their mechanism and side-effects. The efficacy of chemotherapy depends on the type of cancer and the stage.    As a result, there is high variability in the systemic chemotherapy drug concentration among patients dosed by BSA, and this variability has been demonstrated to be more than 10-fold for many drugs.   Alkylating agents will work at any point in the cell cycle and thus are known as cell cycle-independent drugs. Topoisomerase inhibitors are drugs that affect the activity of two enzymes: topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II . Other clinically used drugs in the anthracyline group are pirarubicin , aclarubicin , and mitoxantrone . Fatigue may be a consequence of the cancer or its treatment, and can last for months to years after treatment. Nausea and vomiting are two of the most feared cancer treatment-related side-effects for cancer patients and their families.  When used in non-cancer setting, the treatment is still called Chemotherapy, and is often done in the same treatment center as cancer patients. The term chemotherapy[ edit ]  Ehrlich was not optimistic that effective chemotherapy drugs would be found for the treatment of cancer.
The obvious answer is you're so damn sick and vomiting that you can't keep weight on - I get that. My doctor asked about the whole weight loss and didn't find it surprising that I lost weight when I made the diet changes. So again - what is it about CANCER that sometimes causes weight loss (other than the puking your food up bit)? But your weight loss seems to be due to nutritional changes/chemo,etc so I hope you are asking just for scientific curiosity? This paper reminds me of when I was working in ICU and one of the main markers for cancer cachexia (as opposed to just being thin) was the universal expression of temporal muscle wasting. And Belle, I believe you are just seeing the pay-off for all the hard work on your diet, dear. My degree and work is in the nutrition/dietetics field, and this one i can answer although my feeling is that your weight loss is not metabolic. There are several things that come into play for cancer patients as we all know, the biggest one being loss of appetite from chemo or just the stress or depression that can accompany cancer. I have worked with cachexia and it is much different than your garden variety weight loss.i didnt read the posted link, but there are some meds that can be tried for it, but often have some pretty severe side effects of their own. When weight loss is truly caused by the cancer itself and not just weight loss, it is for metabolic reasons and because tumors are their own life form, They require a blood supply and energy to grow, and they also release their own waste products. You're unlikely to notice the diversion of blood and nutrients, but sometimes tumors release chemicals that increase the body's metabolism (such as burn calories faster), which can lead to unexplained weight loss. Often times families will see their loved one losing weight fast and wasting away from cachexia and they will beg us for TPN or tube feeding, but what they dont realize is that these things in themselves loaded with nutrients often just serve to feed the tumor as well.
However, significant chemotheraphy weight loss or weight gain may affect your health and/or your ability to tolerate your treatments. Some chemotherapy weight gain is caused by fluid retention in your body. What are some symptoms of weight gain and chemo to look for? Often you will be aware of weight gain just by the way you feel or the way your clothing fits. Try to maintain your normal weight, if you are not overweight. Drugs or recommendations that may be prescribed by your health care provider for chemo weight gain: If your weight gain appears to be from an increased appetite, your health care provider may recommend that you see a registered dietician who can help you with a diet plan that is tailored to your situation. If you have fluid retention, your doctor may recommend a diuretic. When to call your doctor or health care provider about weight gain and chemo: What are some symptoms of chemo weight loss to look for? If you have lost 5 or more pounds in a week, you should notify your doctor or health care provider about your chemo weight loss. Things you can do to manage chemo weight loss: Try to maintain your normal weight. Treating your chemo weight loss depends upon treating the underlying cause. Drugs or recommendations your doctor or health care provider may prescribe for weight loss after chemo:
Weight gain can raise your risk for getting high blood pressure , heart disease , and diabetes . Research has also shown that carrying around extra pounds can raise your risk of breast cancer recurring. Weight loss can cause you to lose energy, and poor nutrition can make it harder for you to recover. A diet low in total and saturated fat helps lower your risk of heart disease , and also lowers the risk that your breast cancer will return. Good nutrition can help you with the side effects of chemotherapy , and help fight off infections. Physical activity can often help reduce the side effects of nausea and fatigue . It can also lift your energy levels. Strength training can help rebuild body mass and increase your strength.
Question from Suze: Does chemotherapy actually cause weight gain or is weight gain during chemo caused by something else? If you were premenopausal, the chemotherapy may have put you into menopause and menopause is associated with a decrease in estrogen levels, which is also associated with changes in bone density and lean mass, which could be associated with some of the weight gain. If you were postmenopausal prior to chemotherapy, then the chemotherapy could have had indirect effects with your feeling fatigued, such as nausea or depression or anxiety that would have changed certain behaviors such as diet and physical activity. That may be what's causing the weight gain. Sometimes the weight gain is related to that kind of change in food choices. I wouldn't say that chemo causes weight gain itself unless it's delivered with steroid medicines and then you could say there was a direct link. Chemotherapy causes weight gain indirectly through some of these factors that we just discussed, such as fatigue. On Wednesday, April 18, 2007, the Ask-the-Expert Online Conference was called Weight Management During and After Breast Cancer Treatment. Answered your questions on managing weight during and after breast cancer treatment.
Home » Diseases and Conditions that May Cause Bone Loss. Diseases and Conditions that May Cause Bone Loss. If you have any of the following diseases or conditions that can cause bone loss, talk to your doctor about what you can do to keep your bones healthy. Diseases and conditions that may cause bone loss include: These medicines can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. Different forms of IBD, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, can cause bone loss. Steroid medicines are often used to treat these conditions, which can also contribute to bone loss. While type 1 diabetes seems to cause the greatest amount of bone loss, people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of breaking bones. Low levels of these hormones can lead to bone loss. Many of the medicines, including chemotherapy, used to treat these two forms of cancer can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. Blood and bone marrow disorders. This drop in estrogen can cause bone loss and osteoporosis. In addition to causing low estrogen levels, anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders can lead to bone loss in females and males for other complex reasons. Because these medicines reduce the amount of estrogen in the body, they can lead to bone loss and broken bones. Because these medicines reduce the amount of male sex hormones in the body, they can lead to bone loss and broken bones.
How can anorexia and weight loss be managed? While not all cancer patients will develop anorexia and subsequent weight loss, anorexia and weight loss are very common. Anorexia may result from the cancer, chemotherapy, radiation or a variety of other causes, including physical and psychological causes. Anorexia that is a direct result of the cancer occurs in the majority of patients with advanced-stage cancers. These changes can lead to anorexia and weight loss. Why is it important to manage anorexia and weight loss? Not only can anorexia interfere with treatment, it can cause concern for both you and your family. Some approaches that may help prevent anorexia and weight loss may include: Both chemotherapy and radiation therapy cause nausea and vomiting, which can lead to anorexia and weight loss. In 139 patients with anorexia and weight loss, Marinol® significantly increased appetite after 4 weeks. The patients receiving Marinol® also tended to have decreased nausea and improved body weight and mood. Megace® is FDA-approved for the palliative treatment of advanced breast and endometrial cancer. Several studies have established that Megace® causes appetite stimulation and weight gain in cancer patients with anorexia. Dronabinol as a treatment for anorexia associated with weight loss in patients with AIDS.
Chemotherapy drugs are most likely to affect cells in the digestive tract, hair follicles, bone marrow, mouth, and reproductive system. Some chemo drugs can increase the risk of heart attack. These problems are less likely to occur if your heart is strong and healthy at the start of chemotherapy. Some chemo drugs can cause pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the hands and feet (peripheral neuropathy). In some people, hard stools and constipation can be a problem. Side effects involving the digestive system can contribute to loss of appetite and feeling full even though you haven’t eaten much. Many chemotherapy drugs affect the hair follicles and can cause hair loss (alopecia) within a few weeks of the first treatment. Hair loss can occur on the head, eyebrows, eyelashes, and body. In the process, some kidney and bladder cells can become irritated or damaged. Some chemotherapy drugs can cause calcium levels to drop and contribute to bone loss. This is due to the combination of the drugs and the drop in estrogen levels. Living with cancer and dealing with chemotherapy can exact an emotional toll.
Frozen food doesn’t have the same odor and flavor as unfrozen food does, so it can be easier to tolerate than regular food if your dog is feeling nauseous. Ultimately, if your dog becomes fussy about eating though to the point that they are consistently losing weight, it’s more important to get them to eat than to stay on a strict diet. If your dog starts to lose weight because of cachexia, you may want to try adding digestive enzymes to their food, such as Prozyme. Whether the cause is anorexia, cachexia or a combination of both, it’s important to monitor your dog’s weight regularly and to notify your vet if your dog starts to lose weight on a consistent basis.
While it's more common for people to gain weight during and after treatment, some people lose weight. Managing weight changes. Managing weight gain. Visit the Breastcancer.org Eating to Lose Weight After Treatment pages in the Nutrition section for more tips. Managing weight loss. Visit the Breastcancer.org Eating to Maintain or Gain Weight After Treatment pages in the Nutrition section for more tips.